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Vasotocin (VT, the antidiuretic hormone of birds) is synthesized by diencephalic magnocellular neurons projecting to the neurohypophysis. In addition, in male quail and in other oscine and non-oscine birds, a sexually dimorphic group of VT-immunoreactive (ir) parvocellular neurons is located in a region homologous to the mammalian nucleus of the stria(More)
This study in birds provides anatomical, immunohistochemical, and hodological data on a prosencephalic region in which the nomenclature is still a matter of discussion. In quail, this region is located just dorsal to the anterior commissure and extends from the level of the medial part of the preoptic area at its most rostral end to the caudal aspects of(More)
The distribution of vasotocin (VT)-immunoreactive (IR) fibers was described in the preoptic and septal regions of the male quail brain. The density of VT-IR fibers was measured in the sexually dimorphic preoptic nucleus (POM) and lateral septum (SL) of adult male quail (Coturnix japonica) by means of quantitative image analysis. Experimental manipulations(More)
The distribution of reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH)-diaphorase activity was histochemically investigated in the Japanese quail brain. This enzyme is now considered responsible for the synthesis of nitric oxide, a novel neural messenger whose distribution has not been described in the avian brain until now. The histochemical(More)
The nucleus intercollicularis in quail is implicated in the control of a number of vocalizations. It is also a target structure for steroids and includes high numbers of cells containing androgen and estrogen receptors. We recently demonstrated that in another steroid target, the medial preoptic nucleus, the effects of testosterone are paralleled by(More)
Detailed anatomical studies about the distribution of arginine-vasotocin (AVT) gene expressing neurons in the avian brain are so far non-existent. Most of the investigations are limited to discrete brain nuclei in the chicken and concern particular experimental conditions. Since no data on AVT gene expression are up to now available in Japanese quail, we(More)
A number of studies have been devoted to the analysis of the anatomical distribution, control by steroids and functional significance of aromatase (the enzyme metabolizing testosterone into 17beta-estradiol) in the quail brain. In particular, the sexually dimorphic nucleus preopticus medialis has been the main focus of investigation because testosterone(More)
The brain vasotocinergic system demonstrates clear sexual dimorphism in birds investigated so far. This paper examines the evidence obtained in studies on gallinaceous (domestic fowl, Japanese quail) and passerine (canary, junco, zebra finch) birds. Vasotocin (VT)-immunoreactive parvocellular neurons are present in the nucleus of stria terminalis of males,(More)
In the present study, we have demonstrated, by means of the biotin-avidin method, the widespread distribution of neuropeptide Y (NPY)-immunoreactive structures throughout the whole brain of the Japanese quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica). The prosencephalic region contained the highest concentration of both NPY-containing fibres and perikarya.(More)
In the present study we detailed the distribution of GFAP-immunopositive structures within the central nervous system of the Japanese quail. Different fixation and embedding procedures were applied. The best results were obtained on frozen cryostatic sections from freshly dissected brains subsequently fixed by a short immersion in cold acetone.(More)