Nianxiang Zou

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We have identified the human papillomavirus (HPV) DNA replication initiation protein E1 as a tight-binding substrate of cyclin E/cyclin-dependent kinase (Cdk) complexes by using expression cloning. E1, a DNA helicase, collaborates with the HPV E2 protein in ori-dependent replication. E1 formed complexes with cyclin E in insect and mammalian cells,(More)
Many DNA viruses replicate their genomes at nuclear foci in infected cells. Using indirect immunofluorescence in combination with fluorescence in situ hybridization, we colocalized the human papillomavirus (HPV) replicating proteins E1 and E2 and the replicating origin-containing plasmid to nuclear foci in transiently transfected cells. The host replication(More)
Many studies have reported the presence of bacterial DNA contamination in commercial Taq DNA polymerase reagents. This is the first report of the presence of phage-like DNA sequences in certain commercial Taq DNA polymerase reagents. Precautions are needed when using amplification reagents with exogenous DNAs.
The chromosome of the murine pathogen Mycoplasma pulmonis undergoes rearrangements at a high frequency. We show that some of these rearrangements regulate the phase-variable expression of a cluster of genes (the vsa locus) that encode the variable V-1 surface antigens. Only one vsa gene is associated with an expression site; the other vsa genes are(More)
Here we report a new methodology to study trace amounts of DNA of unknown sequence using a two-step PCR strategy to amplify and clone target DNA. The first PCR is carried out with a partial random primer comprised of a specific 21-nucleotide 5' sequence, a random heptamer, and a 3' TGGC clamp. The second PCR is carried out with a single 19-nucleotide primer(More)
Burkholderia pseudomallei and Burkholderia mallei are two closely related gram-negative bacterial species classified by the CDC as category B biowarfare agents. To develop monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) that can recognize as many different strains and/or clinical isolates of these two pathogens as possible, we immunized mice with heat-killed bacterial whole(More)
Human papillomaviruses (HPVs) establish long-term infections in patients. The mechanism for extrachromosomal HPV DNA persistence in cycling cells is unknown. We show that HPV origin-containing plasmids partition as minichromosomes, attributable to an association of the viral origin recognition protein E2 with mitotic spindles. alpha-, beta-, and(More)
The vsa genes of Mycoplasma pulmonis encode the V-1 lipoproteins. Most V-1 proteins contain repetitive domains and are thought to be involved in mycoplasma-host cell interactions. Previously, we have reported the isolation and characterization of six vsa genes comprising a 10-kb region of the genome of M. pulmonis strain KD735-15. In the current study,(More)
The E2 protein of papillomaviruses is a site-specific DNA binding nuclear protein. It functions as the primary replication origin recognition protein and assists in the assembly of the preinitiation complex. It also helps regulate transcription from the native viral promoter. The E2 protein consists of an amino-terminal (N) trans-acting domain, a central(More)
Lipid-associated membrane proteins (LAMPs) from 14 Mycoplasma hominis isolates or strains share similar protein and antigenicity profiles. Of 31 human immunodeficiency virus-infected patients from whose samples M. hominis was cultured, 28 tested strongly positive for serum antibodies to M. hominis LAMPs. The remaining 3 serum samples showed low antibody(More)