Nianwen Cao

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We present a new differential absorption lidar (DIAL) method for atmospheric trace SO2 using multi-wavelength curve fitting. With this method we use five wavelengths around a SO2 absorption peak and obtain SO2 and O3 concentrations by fitting their absorption cross sections to measured DIAL and null results. A SO, concentration of 6 parts in 10(9) (ppb) was(More)
Ozone depletion events (ODEs) during the Arctic spring have been investigated since the 1980s. It was found that the depletion of ozone is highly associated with the release of halogens, especially bromine containing compounds. These compounds originate from various substrates such as the ice/snow-covered surfaces in Arctic. In the present study, the(More)
This paper discusses the uncertainty of ozone differential absorption lidar (DIAL) measurements due to the impact of background signal. The impact of background signal on ozone concentration profiles is proportional to the background intensity and the ratio of return signal intensities at “on” and “off” wavelength ( ) , ( ) , ( off on z p z p   )(More)
Simulation of Underwater Explosions Initiated by High-Pressure Gas Bubbles of Various Initial Shapes: Supplements Le Cao 1,*, Wenli Fei 1, Holger Grosshans 2 and Nianwen Cao 1 1 Key Laboratory for Aerosol-Cloud-Precipitation of China Meteorological Administration, Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology, Nanjing 210044, China;(More)
This paper presents the design, eye-safe characteristics, and performance of a new eye-safe infrared lidar system for studying city fog. It includes a compact infrared (1574 nm) transmitter, a telescope receiver, and a computer to acquire, store, and process and analyze the measurement data. The development of such a system makes it possible for routine(More)
A sum-frequency-generation system for differential absorption lidar measurement of atmospheric nitrogen dioxide in the lower troposphere was developed. The system uses a combination of a pair of KD*P crystals and a tunable dye laser with LDS 765 dye pumped by the second harmonic of a Nd:YAG laser to generate lambdaon and lambdaoff alternatively. Compared(More)
This paper presents a new analysis method for locating the focus and estimating the size of the focus of the backscatter light of a Lidar system. The formula for calculating the uncertainty of the location of the focus of backscatter light of a Lidar system is given, and the estimation of the size of the focus is also presented. This calculation coincides(More)
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