Nianhui Cai

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The effect of vinpocetine on excitatory amino acid receptors was examined in the rat brain by two different biochemical approaches. In release experiments with striatal slices, vinpocetine reduced the efflux of dopamine and acetylcholine evoked by glutamate, quisqualate and N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA), but not that evoked by kainate. In binding experiments(More)
The protective effect of vinpocetin, a drug clinically useful in brain hypoxia/ischemia, was examined in vitro on cerebrocortical cultures treated with glutamate and related excitotoxins. The extent of cell death was quantified by measuring lactic dehydrogenase activity released from damaged cells into the culture medium. Vinpocetin partially protected the(More)
Pinus yunnanensis Franch. is a major component of coniferous forests in southwestern China. Little is known about its intraspecific variation. Morphological variations in needle and cone traits of P. yunnanensis were analyzed to quantify variability among and within natural populations. Seven traits were measured on 10 needles collected from 30 trees in(More)
In an attempt to examine some functional characteristics of the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor complex, the NMDA-evoked effluxes of endogenous dopamine (DA) and [3H]acetylcholine ([3H]ACh) were simultaneously examined in a rat striatal slice preparation. NMDA induced release of both DA and ACh in a concentration-dependent, Ca(2+)-, Mg(2+)-, and(More)
A field experiment was conducted using a 3 × 3 orthogonal regression design to explore the growth promotion of one-year-old Yunnan pine seedlings (Pinus yunnanensis Franch.) in response to foliar application of IAA (indole-3-acetic acid) at rates of 0, 200 and 400 mg·L(-1) and IBA (indole-3-butyric acid) at rates of 0, 200 and 400 mg·L(-1) in order to(More)
Differences in seed germination and seedling growth among populations of Pinus yunnanensis Franch. were quantified to provide information for use in the regeneration, reforestation, and improvement of this species. Seed germination and seedling growth traits at the nursery stage were investigated at the population level. We evaluated relationships between(More)
We studied seed germination and early seedling growth of Pinus densata to explore the range of variability within the species and to inform afforestation practices. Phenotypes were evaluated at a forest tree nursery under conditions that support Pinus yunnanensis, one of the presumed parental species of P. densata. Seeds were collected from 20(More)
Pinus yunnanensis is an important economic and ecological forest tree species in Southwest China. Nevertheless, the excellent resources are reducing, and an urgent and valid conservation strategy according to genetic information is required. Eighteen novel microsatellite markers were developed for P. yunnanensis, of which eight were polymorphic for the(More)
The excitotoxic cell death and the release of gamma-amino-butyric acid (GABA) evoked by excitatory amino acids (EAAs) were comparatively examined in rat cortical sister cultures grown in serum-free (N2) and serum-supplemented (SSM) media. Cell death was induced by 24 h exposure to 1 mM N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA),(More)