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Helicobacter pylori adherence in the human gastric mucosa involves specific bacterial adhesins and cognate host receptors. Here, we identify sialyl-dimeric-Lewis x glycosphingolipid as a receptor for H. pylori and show that H. pylori infection induced formation of sialyl-Lewis x antigens in gastric epithelium in humans and in a Rhesus monkey. The(More)
The glycosphingolipid binding specificities of neuraminidase-sensitive (simian SA11 and bovine NCDV) and neuraminidase-insensitive (bovine UK) rotavirus strains were investigated using the thin-layer chromatogram binding assay. Both triple-layered and double-layered viral particles of SA11, NCDV, and UK bound to nonacid glycosphingolipids, including(More)
Adherence by Helicobacter pylori increases the risk of gastric disease. Here, we report that more than 95% of strains that bind fucosylated blood group antigen bind A, B, and O antigens (generalists), whereas 60% of adherent South American Amerindian strains bind blood group O antigens best (specialists). This specialization coincides with the unique(More)
Recognition of sialic acid-containing glycoconjugates by the human gastric pathogen Helicobacter pylori has been repeatedly demonstrated. To investigate the structural requirements for H. pylori binding to complex gangliosides, a large number of gangliosides were isolated and characterized by mass spectrometry and proton nuclear magnetic resonance.(More)
Helicobacter pylori is able to utilize several lectin-like, protein-carbohydrate interactions for binding to mucins, cell surfaces, and extracellular matrix proteins. As determined by hemagglutination assays and binding of radiolabeled bacteria to glycosphingolipids on thin-layer chromatograms, strains of gastric helicobacters and enterohepatic(More)
Acidic and neutral glycosphingolipids were isolated from a human gastric adenocarcinoma, and binding of Helicobacter pylori to the isolated glycosphingolipids was assessed using the chromatogram binding assay. The isolated glycosphingolipids were characterized using fast atom bombardment mass spectrometry and by binding of antibodies and lectins. The(More)
 The fungal solubilization of cell wall components of sugar-beet pulp, during solid-state fermentation of Thermoascus aurantiacus, is reported here. The extracellular fungal enzyme activities related to the substrate degradation were also studied. In 120 h, more than 60% of the main sugar-beet pulp polysaccharides, i.e. pectins, arabinose- and(More)
Many bacterial toxins utilize cell surface glycoconjugate receptors for attachment to target cells. In the present study the potential carbohydrate binding of Helicobacter pylori vacuolating cytotoxin VacA was investigated by binding to human gastric glycosphingolipids on thin-layer chromatograms. Thereby a distinct binding of the toxin to two compounds in(More)
Bacterial adherence to mucosal cells is a key virulence trait of pathogenic bacteria. The type 1 fimbriae and the P-fimbriae of Escherichia coli have both been described to be important for the establishment of urinary tract infections. While P-fimbriae recognize kidney glycosphingolipids carrying the Galalpha4Gal determinant, type 1 fimbriae bind to the(More)
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