Niamh O'Luanaigh

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Phospholipase Ds (PLDs) are regulated enzymes that generate phosphatidic acid (PA), a putative second messenger implicated in the regulation of vesicular trafficking and cytoskeletal reorganization. Mast cells, when stimulated with antigen, show a dramatic alteration in their cytoskeleton and also release their secretory granules by exocytosis. Butan-1-ol,(More)
The physiological stimulus to exocytosis in mast cells is the cross-linking of the high-affinity IgE receptor, FcepsilonR1, with antigen. We demonstrate a novel function for ADP-ribosylation factor 1 (ARF1) in the regulation of antigen-stimulated secretion using cytosol-depleted RBL-2H3 mast cells for reconstitution of secretory responses. When antigen is(More)
We have studied the degree to which fluorescent Ca(2+) indicator dyes, and green fluorescent protein and its variants, can be used together. We find that the most commonly used fluorescent protein, enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP), seriously contaminates fura 2 signals. We suggest two alternative combinations for which there is no detectable(More)
Phospholipase D (PLD) catalyses the hydrolysis of phosphatidylcholine to generate the lipid second messenger, phosphatidate (PA). Two mammalian phospholipase Ds (PLD1 and PLD2) have been cloned and both are present in RBL-2H3 mast cells. PLD1 is localised to secretory granules whilst PLD2 is localised to the plasma membrane, and the activity of both enzymes(More)
All integrin alpha subunits contain a highly conserved KXGFFKR motif in their cytoplasmic domains that plays a crucial role in the regulation of integrin affinity for their ligands. We show that a lipid-modified peptide corresponding to the cytoplasmic region, 989-995, of the platelet integrin subunit glycoprotein GpIIb (alphaIIb), palmitoyl-KVGFFKR (Ppep;(More)
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