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The integrins are a large family of cell adhesion molecules that are essential for the regulation of cell growth and function. The identification of key roles for integrins in a diverse range of diseases, including cancer, infection, thrombosis and autoimmune disorders, has revealed their substantial potential as therapeutic targets. However, so far,(More)
Bernard-Soulier syndrome is a rare bleeding disorder caused by a quantitative or qualitative defect in the platelet glycoprotein (GP) Ib-IX-V complex. The complex, which serves as a platelet receptor for von Willebrand factor, is composed of 4 subunits: GPIb alpha, GPIb beta, GPIX, and GPV. We here describe the molecular basis of a novel form of(More)
Protein tyrosine phosphatase receptor delta (PTPRD) is a member of a large family of protein tyrosine phosphatases which negatively regulate tyrosine phosphorylation. Neuroblastoma is a major childhood cancer arising from precursor cells of the sympathetic nervous system which is known to acquire deletions and alterations in the expression patterns of(More)
Platelets play a central role in maintaining biological hemostasis. Inappropriate platelet activation is responsible for thrombotic diseases such as myocardial infarction and stroke. Therefore, novel agents that can inhibit platelet activation are necessary. However, assays that monitor platelet aggregation are generally time-consuming and require high(More)
Platelets play a role in cancer by acting as a dynamic reservoir of effectors that facilitate tumor vascularization, growth, and metastasis. However, little information is available about the mechanism of tumor cell-induced platelet secretion (TCIPS) or the molecular machinery by which effector molecules are released from platelets. Here we demonstrate that(More)
BACKGROUND The highly conserved integrin alpha-subunit membrane-proximal motif KVGFFKR plays a decisive role in modulating the activation of integrin alphaIIbbeta3. Previously, we have shown that a platelet permeable palmityl (pal)-peptide with this seven amino acid sequence can directly activate alphaIIbbeta3 leading to platelet aggregation. OBJECTIVES(More)
The functional regulation of integrins is a major determinant of cell adhesion, migration and tissue maintenance. The binding of cytoskeletal proteins to various sites of integrin cytoplasmic domains is a key mechanism of this functional regulation. Expression of recombinant integrin alpha(IIb)beta(3) and alpha(M)beta(2) lacking the GFFKR-region in CHO(More)
Two novel polyarginine labelled ruthenium polypyridyl dyes are reported, one conjugated to five, (Ru-Ahx-R5), and one to eight arginine residues, (Ru-Ahx-R8); both complexes exhibit long-lived, intense, and oxygen-sensitive luminescence; (Ru-R8) is passively, efficiently and very rapidly transported across the cell membrane into the cytoplasm without(More)
The developmentally regulated, D2 cell adhesion protein has been purified from 10–12 day old rat synaptosomes by sequential hydroxyapatite chromatography, wheat germ lectin affinity chromatography and gel filtration. The purified protein was found to be composed of two polypeptide components of 200 and 140 kd molecular weight which comprised 0.5–1.0% of(More)
Glycoprotein (GP) Ib-V-IX is a unique adhesion receptor complex on platelets. Mutations in GPIbalpha, Ibbeta, and IX can lead to the rare bleeding disorder, Bernard-Soulier Syndrome (BSS). Here, we report a novel hemizygous variant of BSS in which Pro29 in one GPIbbeta allele is substituted by a Leu (GPIbbeta:P29L). Fluoresence in situ hybridisation(More)