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The integrins are a large family of cell adhesion molecules that are essential for the regulation of cell growth and function. The identification of key roles for integrins in a diverse range of diseases, including cancer, infection, thrombosis and autoimmune disorders, has revealed their substantial potential as therapeutic targets. However, so far,(More)
Cardiac /S-l adrenoceptors respond to sympathetic nerve stimulation (SNS), but it is not clear that SNS evokes fi-2 adrenoceptor-mediated vasodilation. Sensitivity of B adrenoceptors to catecholamines and to SNS was evaluated in dogs. Norepinephrine (NE) and epinephrine (E) were equipotent vasoconstrictors (femoral artery blood flow or gracilis(More)
Protein tyrosine phosphatase receptor delta (PTPRD) is a member of a large family of protein tyrosine phosphatases which negatively regulate tyrosine phosphorylation. Neuroblastoma is a major childhood cancer arising from precursor cells of the sympathetic nervous system which is known to acquire deletions and alterations in the expression patterns of(More)
Platelet activation causes conformational changes of integrin GPIIb/IIIa (alpha(IIb)beta3), resulting in the exposure of its ligand-binding pocket. This provides the unique possibility to design agents that specifically block activated platelets only. We used phage display of single-chain antibody (scFv) libraries in combination with several rounds of(More)
Experimental data suggest that formation of thromboxane A2 may be suppressed during administration of a glycoprotein IIb/IIIa antagonist. We determined the dose of one such compound, fradafiban, required to provide > 80% occupancy of the platelet glycoprotein IIb/IIIa and examined its effects on thromboxane A2 formation in patients undergoing PTCA. The dose(More)
Integrins are cysteine-rich heterodimeric cell-surface adhesion molecules that alter their affinity for ligands in response to cellular activation. The molecular mechanisms involved in this activation of integrins are not understood. Treatment with the thiol-reducing agent, dithiothreitol, can induce an activation-like state in many integrins suggesting(More)
Bernard-Soulier syndrome is a rare bleeding disorder caused by a quantitative or qualitative defect in the platelet glycoprotein (GP) Ib-IX-V complex. The complex, which serves as a platelet receptor for von Willebrand factor, is composed of 4 subunits: GPIb alpha, GPIb beta, GPIX, and GPV. We here describe the molecular basis of a novel form of(More)
Short synthetic oligopeptides based on regions of human proteins that encompass functional motifs are versatile reagents for understanding protein signaling and interactions. They can either mimic or inhibit the parent protein's activity and have been used in drug development. Peptide studies typically either derive peptides from a single identified protein(More)
Bioactive peptides in the juxtamembrane regions of proteins are involved in many signaling events. The juxtamembrane regions of cadherins were examined for the identification of bioactive regions. Several peptides spanning the cytoplasmic juxtamembrane regions of E- and N-cadherin were synthesized and assessed for the ability to influence TGFβ responses in(More)
Platelets play a central role in maintaining biological hemostasis. Inappropriate platelet activation is responsible for thrombotic diseases such as myocardial infarction and stroke. Therefore, novel agents that can inhibit platelet activation are necessary. However, assays that monitor platelet aggregation are generally time-consuming and require high(More)