Niamh E. Mangan

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Type 2 immunity, which involves coordinated regulation of innate and adaptive immune responses, can protect against helminth parasite infection, but may lead to allergy and asthma after inappropriate activation. We demonstrate that il25(-/-) mice display inefficient Nippostrongylus brasiliensis expulsion and delayed cytokine production by T helper 2 cells.(More)
BACKGROUND Parasitic helminth infections of humans have been shown to suppress the immune response to allergens. Experimentally, infection of mice with the helminth Schistosoma mansoni prevents allergic airway inflammation and anaphylaxis via IL-10 and B cells. OBJECTIVE To identify and characterize the specific helminth-induced regulatory B-cell(More)
The propensity of a range of parasitic helminths to stimulate a Th2 or regulatory cell-biased response has been proposed to reduce the severity of experimental inflammatory bowel disease. We examined whether infection with Schistosoma mansoni, a trematode parasite, altered the susceptibility of mice to colitis induced by dextran sodium sulfate (DSS). Mice(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Prolyl and asparaginyl hydroxylases are key oxygen-sensing enzymes that confer hypoxic sensitivity to transcriptional regulatory pathways including the hypoxia inducible factor 1 (HIF-1) and nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB). Knockout of either HIF-1 or (IKKbeta-dependent) NF-kappaB pathways in intestinal epithelial cells promotes(More)
There is no immunological mechanism to adequately explain the sudden epidemic in allergies noted in the last 30 years in developed countries. The reduction in the development of allergic disorders observed in individuals infected with parasitic helminths, however, supports a possible role for worms in suppressing allergies. Helminths regulate the immunity(More)
Infectious pathogens can selectively stimulate activation or suppression of T cells to facilitate their survival within humans. In this study we demonstrate that the trematode parasite Schistosoma mansoni has evolved with two distinct mechanisms to suppress T cell activation. During the initial 4- to 12-wk acute stages of a worm infection both CD4(+) and(More)
It has been shown that the presence of certain helminth infections in humans, including schistosomes, may reduce the propensity to develop allergies in infected populations. Using a mouse model of schistosome worm vs worm + egg infection, our objective was to dissect the mechanisms underlying the inverse relationship between helminth infections and(More)
Loss-of-function mutations in the FLG (filaggrin) gene cause the semidominant keratinizing disorder ichthyosis vulgaris and convey major genetic risk for atopic dermatitis (eczema), eczema-associated asthma and other allergic phenotypes. Several low-frequency FLG null alleles occur in Europeans and Asians, with a cumulative frequency of ∼9% in Europe. Here(More)
Modulation of the immune system by infection with helminth parasites, including schistosomes, is proposed to reduce the levels of allergic responses in infected individuals. In this study we investigated whether experimental infection with Schistosoma mansoni could alter the susceptibility of mice to an extreme allergic response, anaphylaxis. We formally(More)
Netherton syndrome is an autosomal recessive multisystemic disorder characterized by congenital ichthyosiform erythroderma, hair shaft defects and atopy, caused by mutations within the human SPINK5 gene. To investigate the development of this disease, we have cloned mouse spink5 and created mice with a mutated premature stop codon at amino acid R820X, to(More)