Niall Wilson

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Distension of the left atrium in chloralose anaesthetized dogs causes a diuresis and dilution of the urine. It has been reported previously that if distension of the atrium is maintained then urine flow reaches a peak after 50 min and then declines. A radioimmunoassay was used to measure plasma arginine vasopressin (AVP) at 10-min intervals before, during,(More)
INTRODUCTION The Global Burden of Disease Study 2010 estimated the worldwide health burden of 291 diseases and injuries and 67 risk factors by calculating disability-adjusted life years (DALYs). Osteoporosis was not considered as a disease, and bone mineral density (BMD) was analysed as a risk factor for fractures, which formed part of the health burden due(More)
Neurohypophysial peptides were applied by superfusion to rat hippocampal slices. The peptides, arginine vasopressin, lysine vasopressin, arginine vasotocin and oxytocin, increased the activity of 88% of spontaneously active cells in the CA1 region and induced firing in many neurones that were not spontaneously active. The peptide sensitive cells appeared to(More)
In anesthetized, vagotomized rabbits the plasma concentration of immunoreactive atrial natriuretic peptide (IR-ANP) was found to be 58.5 +/- 3.4 pg/mL (n = 18) when measured using a radio-immunoassay. Tachycardia, induced by electrical pacing of the right atrium, resulted in increased plasma levels of IR-ANP. The size of the increase in IR-ANP appeared to(More)
The relationship between the changes in plasma vasopressin (AVP) concentration and urinary concentration during left atrial distension has been examined in 12 anaesthetized dogs. Left atrial pressure was increased by 1.2 kPa for 30 min. Plasma AVP concentration (radioimmunoassay) was decreased 5 min after the start of atrial distension and was increased(More)
A heterologous radioimmunoassay was used to measure the concentration of immunoreactive atrial natriuretic peptide (iANP) in plasma from the femoral artery of eight chloralose anaesthetized dogs. Mitral obstruction which increased left atrial pressure by 11 cmH2O increased plasma iANP from 97 +/- 10.3 (mean +/- SE) to 135 +/- 14.3 pg/mL. Pulmonary vein(More)
The distribution of atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) binding sites in Wistar rat tissues, as well as tissues from other species was studied. Using autoradiography of slide mounted tissue sections incubated with 125I-labelled ANF, high densities of binding sites were found in the renal glomeruli and papilla, aortic smooth muscle, iliac vein, choroid plexus,(More)
The elimination from plasma of the peptide hormones vasopressin (VP) and atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) as well as the time course of release and elimination of these hormones after a physiological stimulus were studied in anesthetized rabbits. As an inverse relationship was found to exist between carotid sinus pressure and plasma IR-ANP, a decrease in(More)
The injection or infusion of NIAMDD prolactin (NIH P-S-10) into unanesthetized rats resulted in water and electrolyte retention with a large increase in urine osmolality but no effect on glomerular filtration rate. Since these effects on urine output were also observed in homozygous Brattleboro rats, the antidiuretic activity could not have caused by the(More)
Infusions of norepinephrine led to a significant sevenfold increase in plasma immunoreactive atrial natriuretic peptide, while infusions of acetylcholine caused no significant change in the level of the peptide. Efferent stimulation of the right vagus nerve or right inferior cervical ganglion in anesthetized, vagotomized rabbits produced no significant(More)