Niall Patrick Hyland

Learn More
The emerging links between our gut microbiome and the central nervous system (CNS) are regarded as a paradigm shift in neuroscience with possible implications for not only understanding the pathophysiology of stress-related psychiatric disorders, but also their treatment. Thus the gut microbiome and its influence on host barrier function is positioned to be(More)
1. Chu CJ, Hussain M, Lok AS. Hepatitis B virus genotype B is associated with earlier HBeAg seroconversion compared with hepatitis B virus genotype C. Gastroenterology 2002;122:1756–62. 2. Yin J, Zhang H, Li C, et al. Role of hepatitis B virus genotype mixture, subgenotypes C2 and B2 on hepatocellular carcinoma: compared with chronic hepatitis B and(More)
Stress can impair the immune, endocrine and nervous systems. Such perturbations can also affect brain-gut axis communication and lead to functional gastrointestinal disorders such as irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). IBS is a common yet poorly understood disorder which is often co-morbid with anxiety and depression. As there are few mouse models of IBS, this(More)
BACKGROUND Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is largely viewed as a stress-related disorder caused by aberrant brain-gut-immune communication and altered gastrointestinal (GI) homeostasis. Accumulating evidence demonstrates that stress modulates innate immune responses; however, very little is known on the immunological effects of stress on the GI tract.(More)
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is characterized by episodic bouts of abdominal pain, bloating, and altered bowel habit. Accumulating evidence has linked immune activation with IBS, including reports of increases in circulating levels of the proinflammatory cytokine interleukin (IL)-6. However, it is unknown whether IL-6 contributes directly to disease(More)
Disruption of bacterial colonization during the early postnatal period is increasingly being linked to adverse health outcomes. Indeed, there is a growing appreciation that the gut microbiota plays a role in neurodevelopment. However, there is a paucity of information on the consequences of early-life manipulations of the gut microbiota on behavior. To this(More)
Early life stress has been implicated in many psychiatric disorders ranging from depression to anxiety. Maternal separation in rodents is a well-studied model of early life stress. However, stress during this critical period also induces alterations in many systems throughout the body. Thus, a variety of other disorders that are associated with adverse(More)
Functional changes induced by inflammation persist following recovery from the inflammatory response, but the mechanisms underlying these changes are not well understood. Our aim was to investigate whether the excitability and synaptic properties of submucosal neurons remained altered 8 wk post-trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid (TNBS) treatment and to determine(More)
Sixty individuals referred for a substance abuse evaluation by a child welfare worker were randomly assigned to either a standard evaluation or an evaluation enhanced by Motivational Interviewing techniques, each delivered in a single session. Participants who received the enhanced evaluation were significantly more likely to attend at least one additional(More)