Niall J O'Higgins

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The matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are a family of zinc-dependent endopeptidases. Their primary function is degradation of proteins in the extracellular matrix. Currently, at least 19 members of this family are known to exist. Based on substrate specificity and domain organization, the MMPs can be loosely divided into four main groups: the interstitial(More)
PURPOSE Associations between p160 coactivator proteins and the development of resistance to endocrine treatment have been described. We hypothesized that nuclear receptor coregulatory proteins may interact with nonsteroid receptors. We investigated the mitogen-activated protein kinase-activated transcription factors, Ets, as possible interaction proteins(More)
Estrogen receptor (ER)-alpha and ER-beta function as transcription factors, and both interact with nuclear regulatory proteins to enhance or inhibit transcription. We hypothesized that coregulators are expressed in breast cancer and may be differentially recruited by ERs in the presence of estrogen and tamoxifen. ER-beta was found to be expressed more(More)
BACKGROUND In human breast cancer, the growth factor receptor HER2 is associated with disease progression and resistance to endocrine treatment. Growth factor induced mitogen activated protein kinase activity can phosphorylate not only the oestrogen receptor, but also its coactivator proteins AIB1 and SRC-1. AIM To determine whether insensitivity to(More)
The oestrogen receptor (ER) interacts with coactivator proteins to modulate genes central to breast tumour progression. Oestrogen receptor is encoded for by two genes, ER-alpha and ER-beta. Although ER-alpha has been well characterized, the role of ER-beta as a prognostic indicator remains unresolved. To determine isoform-specific expression of ER and(More)
The prevalence of thyroid peroxidase autoantibodies (TPO.Ab) was assessed in patients with either breast carcinoma or benign breast disease, and its association with disease outcome in breast carcinoma was studied. TPO.Ab were detected by direct RIA in serum from 121/356 (34.0%) of patients with breast carcinoma, compared with 36/194 (18.5%) of controls (P(More)
BACKGROUND Management strategies for women carrying BRCA1 and 2 mutations are becoming clearer and predictive testing for a known family mutation is commonly undertaken. Implications for men are not as clear and they participate less frequently. PATIENTS AND METHODS Twenty-six men from 10 extended families underwent predictive testing. Their motivation,(More)
BACKGROUND Urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) and its inhibitor (PAI-1) play essential roles in tumor invasion and metastasis. High levels of both uPA and PAI-1 are associated with poor prognosis in breast cancer patients. To confirm the prognostic value of uPA and PAI-1 in primary breast cancer, we reanalyzed individual patient data provided by(More)
OBJECTIVE Preoperative core biopsy in breast cancer is becoming the standard of care. The aim of this study was to analyze the various methods of core biopsy with respect to diagnostic accuracy and to examine the management and outcome of those patients with false-negative biopsies. METHODS All patients undergoing core biopsy for breast abnormalities over(More)