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The upper side of the angiosperm leaf is specialized for efficient capture of sunlight whereas the lower side is specialized for gas exchange. In Arabidopsis, the establishment of polarity in the leaf probably requires the generation and perception of positional information along the radial (adaxial versus abaxial or central versus peripheral) dimension of… (More)
Four new 9,19-cycloartane triterpenoids, cimilactone E (1), cimilactone F (2), 2′-O-(E)-butenoyl-23-epi-26-deoxyactein (3), and 2′,12β-O-diacetylcimiracemonol-3-O-β-d-xylopyranoside (4), together with four known constituents (5–8) were isolated from the roots of Cimicifuga foetida. The new structures were elucidated by extensive spectroscopic analysis. In… (More)
Six new 9,19-cycloartane triterpene derivatives, as well as 3 known analogues (7–9), were isolated from the roots of Cimicifuga foetida L. Their structures were established on the basis of extensive spectroscopic analyses (IR, UV, ORD, HRESIMS, 1D and 2D NMR).