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A major antiviral mechanism in plants is mediated by RNA silencing, which relies on the cleavage of viral dsRNA into virus-derived small interfering RNAs (vsiRNAs) by DICER-like enzymes. Members of the Argonaute (AGO) family of endonucleases then use these vsiRNA as guides to target viral RNA. This can result in a phenomenon known as recovery, whereby the(More)
Huanglongbing disease (HLB), caused by Candidatus Liberobacter asiaticus, constitutes a most serious problem for the Chinese citrus industry. In this work, the use of vitrification-cryopreservation for eliminating Ca. L. asiaticus from naturally infected plants of several citrus species was investigated. Proliferating meristems were produced in vitro and(More)
UNLABELLED Botryosphaeria dothidea is an important pathogenic fungus causing fruit rot, leaf and stem ring spots and dieback, stem canker, stem death or stool mortality, and decline of pear trees. Seven double-stranded RNAs (dsRNAs; dsRNAs 1 to 7 with sizes of 3,654, 2,773, 2,597, 2,574, 1,823, 1,623, and 511 bp, respectively) were identified in an isolate(More)
Primordial germ cells (PGCs) are the precursors of gametes responsible for genetic transmission to the next generation. They provide an ideal system for cryopreservation and restoration of biodiversity. Recently, considerable attention has been raised to visualize, isolate and transplant PGCs within and between species. In fish, stable PGC visualization in(More)
The origin and evolution of molecular mechanisms underlying cellular pluripotency is a fundamental question in stem cell biology. The transcription factor Oct4 or Pou5f1 identified in mouse features pluripotency expression and activity in the inner cell mass and embryonic stem (ES) cells. Pou2 identified in zebrafish is the non-mammalian homolog prototype(More)
Vasa is essential for germline development. However, the precise processes in which vasa involves vary considerably in diverse animal phyla. Here we show that vasa is required for primordial germ cell (PGC) migration in the medakafish. vasa knockdown by two morpholinos led to the PGC migration defect that was rescued by coinjection of vasa RNA.(More)
BACKGROUND The fish medaka is the first vertebrate capable of full spermatogenesis in vitro from self-renewing spermatogonial stem cells to motile test-tube sperm. Precise staging and molecular dissection of this process has been hampered by the lack of suitable molecular markers. METHODOLOGY AND PRINCIPAL FINDINGS We have generated a normalized medaka(More)
Primordial germ cell (PGC) specification occurs early in development. PGC specifiers have been identified in Drosophila, mouse, and human but remained elusive in most animals. Here we identify the RNA-binding protein Dnd as a critical PGC specifier in the medaka fish (Oryzias latipes). Dnd depletion specifically abolished PGCs, and its overexpression(More)
Phylogenetic analysis of Chinese isolates of the citrus Huanglongbing (HLB) bacterium based on the 16S rDNA and 16S/23S rDNA intergenic regions sequences was carried out. Nine HLB samples collected from different hosts with different symptoms in seven Chinese provinces, were subjected to PCR for amplifying and sequencing the 16S rDNA. The identity level(More)