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To evaluate a method for preventing the nephrotoxicity caused by the high renal accumulation of radiolabeled or toxin-conjugated small immunoproteins used for cancer therapy, we conjugated humanized anti-Tac Fab fragments with various numbers of glycolate molecules [glycolated Fab fragments (glyco-Fabs)] and separated the conjugates by means of ion-exchange(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the combined antitumor activity in mice of immunotoxin SS1P and Taxol. METHODS Immunodeficient mice were implanted with A431/K5 tumors expressing mesothelin. Established tumors were treated i.v. with immunotoxin SS1P alone, i.p. with Taxol alone, or with the two agents together. SS1P was radiolabeled with (111)In and used to study(More)
In this study, we investigated the ability of L-lysine to block renal uptake of 125I- or 99mTc- labeled Fv fragments. Anti-Tac disulfide-stabilized Fv fragment (dsFv) was derived from a murine monoclonal antibody that recognizes the alpha subunit of the interleukin-2 receptor (IL-2R alpha). The 125I- or 99mTc-labeled dsFv was injected i.v. into(More)
UNLABELLED One of the major limitations of using intact immunoglobulins for targeting tumors is poor penetration into tissues. Although Fab fragments have been used because of their improved kinetics, they have undesirable high renal accumulation. In this study we tested a new approach to block renal accumulation of Fab. METHODS We conjugated humanized(More)
Current contrast agents generally have one function and can only be imaged in monochrome; therefore, the majority of imaging methods can only impart uniparametric information. A single nanoparticle has the potential to be loaded with multiple payloads. Such multimodality probes have the ability to be imaged by more than one imaging technique, which could(More)
UNLABELLED Monoclonal antibody may undergo loss of immunoreactivity due to radiation damage when labeled with large amounts of 131I or 90Y for therapy. Our aim was to develop a method to protect an antibody during the labeling procedure. METHODS As a model we used T101, a murine monoclonal antibody directed against CD5 antigen. Iodine-125-T101 (100(More)
Monoclonal antibodies penetrate bulky tumors poorly after intravenous administration, in part because of specific binding to the target antigen. Experiments presented here demonstrate an analogous phenomenon in micrometastases; poor antibody penetration, attributable to a "binding-site barrier" phenomenon, can be seen in guinea pig micrometastases as small(More)
Chase and Lev's concurrent deque is a key data structure in shared-memory parallel programming and plays an essential role in work-stealing schedulers. We provide the first correctness proof of an optimized implementation of Chase and Lev's deque on top of the POWER and ARM architectures: these provide very relaxed memory models, which we exploit to improve(More)
Sex hormones including estrogens, progesterone and testosterones are known to have adverse effects on the immune system and particularly on the proliferative response. Since cytokine production is known to be dissociable from the proliferation of lymphocytes and since other steroid hormones profoundly affect cytokine production, we felt it would be(More)
This is a PDF file of an unedited manuscript that has been accepted for publication. As a service to our customers we are providing this early version of the manuscript. The manuscript will undergo copyediting, typesetting, and review of the resulting proof before it is published in its final form. Please note that during the production process errors may(More)