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This paper presents a method that can achieve fast adaptation for a class of model-reference adaptive control systems. It is well known that standard model-reference adaptive control exhibits high-gain control behaviors when a large adaptive gain is used to achieve fast adaptation in order to reduce tracking error rapidly. High-gain control creates(More)
Mitochondrial acetoacetyl-CoA thiolase (T2) deficiency is an inborn error of metabolism affecting isoleucine catabolism and ketone body utilization. This disorder is clinically characterized by intermittent ketoacidotic episodes with no clinical symptoms between episodes. In general, T2 gene mutations are heterogeneous. No common mutations have been(More)
Alpha-catenin, an integral part of cadherin-catenin adhesion complexes, is a major binding partner of beta-catenin, a key component of the Wnt pathway, which activates T-cell factor (TCF)/lymphoid enhancer factor (LEF) transcription and is often upregulated in cancers. Recently, we identified an alpha-catenin-related protein, alpha-catulin, whose function(More)
Heterotrimeric Galpha12/13 signals induce cellular responses such as serum response element (SRE)-mediated gene transcription via Rho GTPase. Guanine nucleotide exchange factors (GEFs) are strong candidates for linking Galpha signals to Rho. For example, p115 RhoGEF transduces Galpha13 signals to Rho and inhibits Galpha12/13 signals via the RhoGEF LH domain(More)
The Rho GTPase signaling pathway is required for actin cytoskeletal organization and serum response factor-dependent gene transcription. Lbc is a Rho-specific guanine nucleotide exchange factor that contains a modulatory C-terminal region. To elucidate Lbc regulatory mechanism(s), a yeast two-hybrid screen for proteins that interact with the Lbc C-terminal(More)
Hard turning with cubic boron nitride (CBN) tools has been proven to be more effective and efficient than traditional grinding operations in machining hardened steels. However, rapid tool wear is still one of the major hurdles affecting the wide implementation of hard turning in industry. Better prediction of the CBN tool wear progression helps to optimize(More)
The Krüppel-like zinc finger protein ZNF217 is a candidate oncogene in breast cancer. In this study, we showed that high levels of expression of ZNF217 mRNA are associated with poor prognosis and the development of metastases in breast cancer. Overexpression of ZNF217 in breast cancer cells stimulated migration and invasion in vitro and promoted the(More)
A new adaptive control modification is presented that can achieve robust adaptation with a large adaptive gain without incurring high-frequency oscillations as with the standard model-reference adaptive control. The modification is based on an optimal control formulation that minimizes the L2 norm of the tracking error. The optimality condition is used to(More)
Optimal control modification has been developed to improve robustness to model-reference adaptive control. For systems with linear matched uncertainty, optimal control modification adaptive law can be shown by a singular perturbation argument to possess an outer solution that exhibits a linear asymptotic property. Analytical expressions of phase and time(More)