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We evaluated whether sex affects the steady-state pharmacokinetics of the antimalarial drugs, primaquine and doxycycline, in healthy subjects. Seventeen male and 17 female healthy Vietnamese subjects were administered 30 mg (base) of primaquine daily for 14 days. After a 2-week washout period, 14 male and 14 female subjects were administered 100 mg (base)(More)
BACKGROUND The Plasmodium falciparum NA+/H+ exchanger (pfnhe1, gene PF13_0019) has recently been proposed to influence quinine (QN) susceptibility. However, its contribution to QN resistance seems to vary geographically depending on the genetic background of the parasites. Here, the role of this gene was investigated in in vitro QN susceptibility of(More)
The standard adult treatment regimen for Plasmodium vivax malaria is chloroquine (1500 mg over 3 d) plus primaquine (15 or 30 mg daily for 14 d), but patient compliance tends to be poor with the lengthy course. Preliminary observations are reported on the efficacy of a shorter treatment course - artesunate (200mg twice a day for 2 d) plus primaquine (22.5mg(More)
The two fixed-dose combinations of dihydroartemisinin and piperaquine (Artekin and Arterakine) were found to be bioinequivalent in healthy Vietnamese subjects. However, because the peak plasma concentrations and areas under the concentration-time curves of dihydroartemisinin and piperaquine were only marginally different between the two formulations,(More)
Studies were conducted in a village in central Vietnam to explain the existence of a forest malaria cycle of transmission external to the village. The findings suggested no malaria transmission in the village because of the absence of a suitable vector, but suggested evidence for transmission in villagers when attending garden plots in the forested hills(More)
OBJECTIVE Artesunate-amodiaquine (AAQ) is efficacious for the treatment of uncomplicated Plasmodium falciparum malaria in Africa, but little is known about its efficacy in Southeast Asia. We compared the efficacy of dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine (DHP) and AAQ against falciparum malaria in central Vietnam. METHODS Open, randomized clinical trial of 116(More)
Safe and effective antimalarial drugs are required for the treatment of pregnant women. We report a 3-day regimen of artesunate (4 mg/kg/day)-azithromycin (25 mg/kg/day) (ASAZ) to be efficacious (polymerase chain reaction-corrected cure rate of 96.7%) and well tolerated in the treatment of Plasmodium falciparum malaria in children (N = 11) and adults (N =(More)
In Vietnam, the artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT) of dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine is currently used for first-line treatment of uncomplicated Plasmodium falciparum malaria. However, limited efficacy and tolerability data are available on alternative forms of ACT in Vietnam in case there is a reduction in the susceptibility of(More)
Anopheles minimus A and C and several closely related species of mosquitoes have been identified in Vietnam, where some have been implicated in malaria transmission. Morphological variation within and between Anopheles minimus A and C makes identification using alpha taxonomy difficult and several molecular techniques have been developed to separate them.(More)