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During 2008, a point-prevalence survey of healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) was conducted in 36 Vietnamese hospitals. Of 7,571 inpatients, 590 (7.8%) had HAIs, including pneumonia (41.9%) and surgical-site infections (27.5%). Device use was a significant risk factor; gram-negative microorganisms predominated. A national reporting system needs to be(More)
BACKGROUND Inappropriate antibiotic prescribing appears to be common worldwide and is contributing to the selection of resistant organisms. This study examined the prevalence of antibiotic prescription and the appropriateness of indications for these prescriptions in 36 representative general hospitals across Vietnam. METHODS A point-prevalence study was(More)
BACKGROUND We report the results of International Nosocomial Infection Control Consortium (INICC) surveillance study from January 2010-December 2015 in 703 intensive care units (ICUs) in Latin America, Europe, Eastern Mediterranean, Southeast Asia, and Western Pacific. METHODS During the 6-year study period, using Centers for Disease Control and(More)
BACKGROUND 16S rRNA methylase-producing Gram-negative bacteria are highly resistant to all clinically important aminoglycosides. We analyzed clinical strains of 16S rRNA methylase-producing Acinetobactor baumannii and Pseudomonas aeruginosa obtained from clinical isolates in medical settings in Vietnam. METHODS From 2008 to 2011, 101 clinical strains of(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate a killed oral cholera vaccine produced in Viet Nam, and to compare the Vietnamese vaccine with one that is licensed internationally. METHOD Two-dose regimens of a locally produced, bivalent, anti-O1, anti-O139 killed oral whole-cell cholera vaccine (biv-WC) and of a commercially available, monovalent (anti-O1) oral recombinant B(More)
SETTING Vietnam is one of the 22 countries with the highest burden of tuberculosis (TB). Although its National Tuberculosis Programme (NTP) is effective, there is no ongoing surveillance of drug resistance. OBJECTIVE To establish the first step of a surveillance programme on anti-tuberculosis drug resistance in Haiphong, the third largest city in Vietnam.(More)
SETTING Reported tuberculosis (TB) cure rates are high in Vietnam with the 8-month short-course chemotherapy regimen. However, long-term treatment outcomes are unknown. OBJECTIVE To assess survival and relapse rates among patients successfully treated for new smear-positive pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB). METHODS A cohort of patients treated in 32(More)
INTRODUCTION No data has been reported on the prevalence of asthma in highland rural areas of Vietnam. We attempt to determine the prevalence of asthma and asthma-like symptoms in Dalat, a Vietnamese city at 1,500 m altitude, and to learn about environmental influences, patient attitudes toward diagnosis and treatment, and the prevalent general knowledge(More)
Nosocomial infection control is crucial for improving the quality of medical care. It is also indispensable for implementing effective control measures for severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and the possible occurrence of a human influenza pandemic. The present authors, in collaboration with Vietnamese hospital staff, performed a fact-finding survey(More)
Of 33,111 patients admitted to a large hospital in Vietnam from November 2000 through July 2001, a total of 303 were undergoing hemodialysis and had pyrogenic reactions (ie, fever and/or rigors). Ten case patients (3.3%) had documented bacteremia; pathogens were largely waterborne microorganisms. Pyrogenic reactions in case patients might have occurred(More)