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BACKGROUND Exponential development of minimally invasive techniques, such as robotic-assisted devices, raises the question of how to assess robotic surgery skills. Early development of virtual simulators has provided efficient tools for laparoscopic skills certification based on objective scoring, high availability, and lower cost. However, similar(More)
Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSC) have the potential to differentiate into a variety of cell types like osteoblasts, chondroblasts, adipocytes, etc. It is well known that mechanical forces regulate the biological function of cells. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of uniaxial stretching on the orientation and biological functions(More)
Coagulation is fundamental for the confinement of infection and/or the inflammatory response to a limited area. Under pathological inflammatory conditions such as arthritis, multiple sclerosis or sepsis, an uncontrolled activation of the coagulation system contributes to inflammation, microvascular failure and organ dysfunction. Coagulation is initiated by(More)
Clinical chemistry data are decisive for evaluating altered organ function or damage in experimental animals. Few publications provide reliable clinical chemistry reference intervals, and analytical methods are often not described. Here, we investigated common clinical chemistry values in adult male and female Wistar rats and C57/BL6 mice (n=30/group).(More)
PURPOSE Up to now, there has been limited investigation into cell therapy in the chronic phase of severe myocardial infarction (MI), and many questions remain concerning the contribution of the engrafted cells and especially their impact on the reperfusion of MI areas, when assessed by objective quantitative imaging techniques. This randomized pilot SPECT,(More)
BACKGROUND Left main coronary artery (LMCA) disease is currently treated by coronary artery bypass grafting or, more recently, by percutaneous coronary intervention. Occasionally, direct surgical patch angioplasty of the LMCA can be proposed as an alternative treatment. The aim of this study was to analyze, on a long-term basis, the safety and efficacy of(More)
This study aimed at comparing long-term variations in the perfusion of chronic myocardial infarction (MI) areas after local injections of autologous bone marrow stem cells (BMSCs). 14 coronary ligated rats with transmural chronic MI (4 months) were used: a control group (n = 7) versus a treated group (n = 7) in which (111)In labeled-BMSCs were directly(More)
BACKGROUND In the bone marrow, hematopietic and mesenchymal stem cells form a unique niche in which the oxygen tension is low. Hypoxia may have a role in maintaining stem cell fate, self renewal and multipotency. However, whereas most studies addressed the effect of transient in vitro exposure of MSC to hypoxia, permanent culture under hypoxia should(More)
On the basis of animal models of arterial injury, smooth muscle cell proliferation has been posited as a dominant event in restenosis. Unfortunately, little is known about this proliferation in the human restenotic lesion. The purpose of this study was to determine the extent and time course of proliferation in primary and restenotic coronary(More)
Adult bone-marrow-derived mesenchymal stroma cells (BMSC) seem to be a potential cell source for tissue engineering of the ligament. The objective of this work was to study the time-related changes in mRNA expression and protein levels of collagen types I and III and of tenascin-C in BMSC under co-culture with fibroblasts or under a uniaxial cyclic(More)