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We theoretically analyze the performance of free-space optical (FSO) systems using rectangular quadrature-amplitude modulation (QAM) and an avalanche photodiode (APD) receiver over atmospheric turbulence channels. Both log-normal and gamma-gamma channel models are used in the analysis for the cases of weak/moderate and strong atmospheric turbulence. The(More)
In this paper, we propose to use relay transmission as a powerful technique for performance improvement of free-space optical code-division multiple-access (FSO/CDMA) systems. Relay nodes are based on chip detect-and-forward to avoid decoding process that makes the relay nodes more complex. We formulate a closed-form expression for bit-error rate (BER) of(More)
SUMMARY In this paper, a novel model of Gaussian pulse propagation in optical fiber is proposed to comprehensively analyze the impact of Group Velocity Dispersion (GVD) on the performance of two-dimensional wavelength hopping/time spreading optical code division multiple access (2-D WH/TS OCDMA) systems. In addition, many noise and interferences , including(More)
—In this paper, we newly propose and theoretically analyze the performance of all-optical amplify-and-forward (OAF) relaying free-space optical (FSO) systems using erbium-doped fiber amplifier (EDFA) combined with optical hard-limiter (OHL) over atmospheric turbulence channels. The use of OHL enables OAF relaying FSO systems to remove accumulated background(More)
Multihop free space optical (FSO) system using optical amplify-and-forward (OAF) relaying technique combined with wavelength division multiplexing (WDM) is proposed for all-optical access networks. The proposed system can provide a low cost, flexible, and high-bandwidth access network for multiple users. To investigate the system performance, we consider a(More)
SUMMARY We propose turbo-coded two-dimensional (2-D) free-space optical (FSO) CDMA systems for broadband access networks. The performance bound for the proposed system over atmospheric turbulence channels is obtained considering multiple-access interference (MAI) and receiver noise. The results show that the proposed system offers a better performance than(More)
This paper comprehensively analyzes the impact of four wave mixing (FWM) on the performance of multiwavelength optical code-division multiplexing (MW-OCDM) systems. The impact of FWM on various aspects of MW-OCDM system performance, including bit error rate (BER), the number of users, and power penalty, is quantitatively discussed with several types of(More)
In this paper, we theoretically investigate the effects of noise and nonlinear distortion on the performance of orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing (OFDM) signal carried by millimeter-wave radio over fiber (RoF) systems. Various noise components are considered in this paper including shot noise, thermal noise and relative intensity noise. In(More)
We propose a novel multiwavelength optical code-division multiple-access (OCDMA) system using multicode modulation (MCM) signaling. For the multicode demodulator, we employ a maximum-likelihood detection and optical hard limiters. The work in this paper theoretically analyzes the performance of the proposed system over linear dispersive channels, while(More)
SUMMARY We analyze the beat noise cancellation in two-dimensional optical code-division multiple-access (2-D OCDMA) systems using an optical hard-limiter (OHL) array. The Gaussian shape of optical pulse is assumed and the impact of pulse propagation is considered. We also take into account the receiver noise and multiple access interference (MAI) in the(More)