Ngoc Minh Pham

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Worldwide diabetes prevalence is projected to increase from 8.3% (382 million adults) in 2013 to 8.8% (592million adults) by 2035 (1), with more than 80% of cases in lowandmiddle-income countries. Consistent with this global trend, estimated prevalence of diabetes in Vietnam has risen from 2.9% in 2010 (2) to 5.4% in 2013 (1). However, these estimates(More)
Objective. Few studies have suggested an inverse relation between coffee intake and serum concentrations of uric acid (UA), but none has addressed the relation in men and women separately. We examined the relation between coffee intake and serum UA levels in free-living middle-aged and elderly men and women in Fukuoka, Japan. Methods. Study subjects were(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the association between the consumption of green tea, coffee and caffeine and depressive symptoms. DESIGN Cross-sectional study. Consumption of green tea and coffee was ascertained with a validated dietary questionnaire and the amount of caffeine intake was estimated from these beverages. Depressive symptoms were measured using the(More)
OBJECTIVE Existing evidence is limited on what extent fitness can counterbalance type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) risk associated with obesity. We investigated the joint association of weight status and estimated VO2max, a marker of fitness, with the risk of developing T2DM among Japanese men using haemoglobin A1c and fasting glucose criterion. METHODS The(More)
OBJECTIVES To examine the association between self-reported eating rate and metabolic syndrome. DESIGN Cross-sectional study. SETTING Annual health checkup at a health check service centre in Japan. PARTICIPANTS A total of 56,865 participants (41,820 male and 15,045 female) who attended a health checkup in 2011 and reported no history of coronary(More)
OBJECTIVE Although intake of minerals has been suggested to be beneficial against depression, epidemiologic data from free-living settings are limited. The aim of this study was to determine the cross-sectional associations between the intake of magnesium, calcium, iron, and zinc and the prevalence of depressive symptoms in Japanese employees. METHODS(More)
BACKGROUND Metabolic syndrome has become a major public health concern, but the role of diet in the etiology of this syndrome is not well understood. This study investigated the association between major dietary patterns and prevalence of metabolic syndrome in a Japanese working population. METHODS This cross-sectional study was conducted among 460(More)
BACKGROUND Supplementation studies have suggested a role of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) in homocysteine metabolism, but the evidence is limited and inconsistent among studies that measured blood levels of n-3 and n-6 PUFAs. We examined the association between blood levels of PUFAs and homocysteine in Japanese men and women. METHODS The(More)
AIMS To identify differences in the characteristics of patients with diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs) according to their etiological classification and to compare their healing time. METHODS Over a 4.5-year period, 73 patients with DFUs were recruited. DFUs were etiologically classified as being of neuropathic, ischemic, or neuro-ischemic origin. Descriptive(More)
The association of fatty acid composition with insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes has been reported in Western populations, but there is limited evidence of this association among the Japanese, whose populace consume large amounts of fish. To test the hypothesis that high palmitic, palmitoleic, and dihomo-γ-linolenic acids and low levels of linoleic and(More)