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Sepsis is a complex clinical syndrome involving both infection and a deleterious host immune response. Antimicrobial agents are key elements of sepsis treatment, yet despite great strides in antimicrobial development in the last decades, sepsis continues to be associated with unacceptably high mortality (~30%). This is the result, on one hand, of the rise(More)
BACKGROUND Sepsis involves aberrant immune responses to infection, but the exact nature of this immune dysfunction remains poorly defined. Bacterial endotoxins like lipopolysaccharide (LPS) are potent inducers of inflammation, which has been associated with the pathophysiology of sepsis, but repeated exposure can also induce a suppressive effect known as(More)
BACKGROUND Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1)-infected women have lower viral loads than men but similar rates of disease progression. We hypothesized that sex-based differences in CCR5 expression mediate viral load differences. METHODS CCR5 was analyzed by flow cytometry in disaggregated lymph node cells from untreated HIV-1-infected women (n =(More)
SUMMARY Gene expression or metabolomics data generated from clinical settings are often associated with multiple metadata (i.e. diagnosis, genotype, gender, etc.). It is of great interest to analyze and to visualize the data in these contexts. Here, we introduce INVEX-a novel web-based tool that integrates the server-side capabilities for data analysis with(More)
Early and appropriate antibiotic use is critical for the treatment of sepsis. In practice, however, early antibiotic administration is hampered by diagnostic uncertainty with regard to both early diagnosis of disease and delayed or absent microbiological results. The diagnostic uncertainty often persists into the later stages of sepsis when clinical(More)
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