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A potential barrier to progression of siRNA therapeutics to the clinic is the ability of these agents to cross the vascular endothelium to reach target cells. This study aimed to bypass the endothelial barrier by harnessing the extravasation capability of the serum protein albumin to allow siRNA to reach cardiomyocytes. A strategy for conjugating siRNA to(More)
The present study investigated the effects of a functional deficit in insulin-like growth factor-I signaling via chronic intravenous administration of insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) receptor antisense in the conscious spontaneously hypertensive rat cardiovascular system. Insulin-like growth factor-I receptor (IGF-IR) antisense, but not full mismatch(More)
BACKGROUND To investigate whether saw palmetto that inhibits alpha1-adrenoceptor binding in vitro affects contractility of the rat prostate gland. METHODS The effects of a commercially available saw palmetto extract were examined on the contractility of rat-isolated prostate glands. The extract was tested in the presence and absence of phentolamine,(More)
Nitroxyl (HNO) is a redox congener of NO. We now directly compare the antihypertrophic efficacy of HNO and NO donors in neonatal rat cardiomyocytes and compare their contributing mechanisms of actions in this setting. Isopropylamine-NONOate (IPA-NO) elicited concentration-dependent inhibition of endothelin-1 (ET1)-induced increases in cardiomyocyte size,(More)
BACKGROUND Nitroxyl (HNO), a redox congener of nitric oxide (NO·), is a novel regulator of cardiovascular function, combining concomitant positive inotropic, lusitropic, and vasodilator properties. Moreover, HNO exhibits myocardial antihypertrophic and superoxide-suppressing actions. Despite these favorable actions, the impact of chronic HNO administration(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The NO redox sibling nitroxyl (HNO) elicits soluble guanylyl cyclase (sGC)-dependent vasodilatation. HNO has high reactivity with thiols, which is attributed with HNO-enhanced left ventricular (LV) function. Here, we tested the hypothesis that the concomitant vasodilatation and inotropic actions induced by a HNO donor, Angeli's salt(More)
1. Insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-I has acute effects on cardiovascular function, including a well-characterized vasodilator response in isolated arteries. In addition to increasing the release of nitric oxide, IGF-I also has effects on a variety of other signalling pathways that affect vascular tone, in particular interactions with the sympathetic(More)
Effective treatment for managing myocardial infarction (MI) remains an urgent, unmet clinical need. Formyl peptide receptors (FPR) regulate inflammation, a major contributing mechanism to cardiac injury following MI. Here we demonstrate that FPR1/FPR2-biased agonism may represent a novel therapeutic strategy for the treatment of MI. The small-molecule(More)
Aust t t t t t tra ra ra ra ra ra rali li li li li li lia a a a a a a & & Di Diab ab b b b t t et t etes es I I I Ins nsti ti ti ti t tu t tute te t t Abstract Background—Nitroxyl (HNO), a redox congener of nitric oxide (NOx), is a novel regulator
Available inotropic pharmacotherapy for acute heart failure (HF) remains largely ineffective at ameliorating marked impairments in contractile function. Nitroxyl (HNO), the redox sibling of NO•, has recently attracted interest as a therapeutic approach for acute HF. We now compare the impact of ischaemia-reperfusion (I-R) injury on acute haemodynamic(More)