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In the present article, we report on two studies performed in young human populations which tested the cognitive impact of glucocorticoids (GC) in situations of decreased or increased ratio of mineralocorticoid (MR) and glucocorticoid (GR) receptor occupation. In the first study, we used a hormone replacement protocol in which we pharmacologically decreased(More)
In a previous longitudinal study of basal cortisol levels and cognitive function in humans, we showed that elderly humans with 4- to 7-yr cumulative exposure to high levels of cortisol present memory impairments, compared with elderly humans with moderate cortisol levels over years. Here, we measured whether memory performance in two groups of elderly(More)
Findings show brain serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT)) activity to be altered in individuals who have had bulimia nervosa (BN), even after substantial remission of symptoms. Such findings could reflect persistent sequelae due to BN, or a vulnerability 'trait' that exists independently of active eating-disorder manifestations. We compared women with(More)
Reduced brain serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine: 5-HT) transporter activity has been associated with susceptibility to various forms of psychopathology, including bulimia nervosa (BN) and related syndromes characterized by appetitive or behavioural dysregulation. We applied density (Bmax) of platelet [3H-]paroxetine binding as a proxy for central 5-HT reuptake(More)
Studies of bulimia nervosa (BN) often report decreased brain serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine: 5-HT) activity. Across populations, impulsivity has been linked to reduced 5-HT activity, but compulsivity has been associated (at least inconsistently) with an increase. We therefore became interested in the association between behavioral-trait variations and 5-HT(More)
Quinolinic acid, an excitotoxic agent, was applied unilaterally to the nucleus basalis magnocellularis of the rat forebrain, which resulted in neuronal destructions and consequently, loss of cholinergic projections to the cortex. The effects on ganglioside metabolism in brain cortical matter were studied. Total ganglioside contents in lesioned brains (n =(More)
Dolichols as unesterified alcohols were identified as significant components of lipid extracts from storage cytosomes isolated post-mortem from the brains of patients with the infantile, late infantile, and juvenile types of neuronal ceroid-lipofuscinosis (NCL). Very small amounts of dolichols were present in the corresponding subcellular fractions of(More)
Long-chain polyisoprenoid alcohols (dolichols) were measured in different brain regions dissected postmortem from 26 histopathologically confirmed cases of Alzheimer's disease and 24 age-matched nonAlzheimer control patients. They were significantly elevated in all parts of the cerebrum, but not in the cerebellum, of Alzheimer patients. The highest values(More)
Microvessels, predominantly capillaries, were isolated from rat cerebrum by a modification of published procedures. The morphology and purity of the preparations were monitored by light and electron microscopy and by enrichment in alkaline phosphatase, gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase, and prostacyclin, synthetase. A reversed-phase high-pressure liquid(More)
Separate lines of research suggest that the functional alterations in the serotonin (5-HT) 2A receptor are associated with 5-HT tone, behavioral impulsiveness, and bulimia nervosa (BN). We explored the effect of allelic variations within the 5-HT2A receptor gene promoter polymorphism -1438G/A on trait impulsiveness and serotonin function in women with BN.(More)