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Linkage disequilibrium (LD) provides information about positional cloning, linkage, and evolution that cannot be inferred from other evidence, even when a correct sequence and a linkage map based on more than a handful of families become available. We present theory to construct an LD map for which distances are additive and population-specific maps are(More)
A linkage disequilibrium map is expressed in linkage disequilibrium (LD) units (LDU) discriminating blocks of conserved LD that have additive distances and locations monotonic with physical (kb) and genetic (cM) maps. There is remarkable agreement between LDU steps and sites of meiotic recombination in the one body of data informative for crossing over, and(More)
Typing error is a major problem in constructing human linkage maps, leading to incorrect orders and inflating map lengths. An error filter is incorporated into multiple pairwise analysis that corrects for inflation of map lengths and improves recovery of the correct order. Multipoint mapping is more sensitive to error, but when its output is adjusted for(More)
Genetic aspects of von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) disease were studied in familial and isolated cases. Complex segregation analysis with pointers was performed in 38 kindreds with two or more affected members. Dominant inheritance with almost complete penetrance in the highest age classes (0*96 at 51 to 60 and 0.99 at 61 to 70 years) was confirmed and there was no(More)
Although single chi-square analysis of the North American Rheumatoid Arthritis Consortium (NARAC) data identifies many single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) with p-values less than 0.05, none remain significant after Bonferroni correction. In contrast, CHROMSCAN evades heavy Bonferroni correction and auto-correlation between SNPs by using composite(More)
Likelihood ratio (LR) tests are provided for the three alternatives to DNA identity: exclusion, coincidence, and kinship. The coincidence test uses the radius of coalescence to conserve the observed frequency of single band phenotypes. Genotype probabilities under kinship are derived for mating groups, specified relatives, and structured populations; and(More)
Seventy-four families of probands with oculoauriculovertebral anomaly were evaluated, including 116 parents and 195 offspring. Relatives were examined to identify ear malformations, mandibular anomalies, and other craniofacial abnormalities. For segregation analysis using POINTER, selection of the sample was consistent with single ascertainment. Different(More)
Traditional models of the genetic transmission of human diseases have often assumed that the phenotype is a simple dichotomous trait, which is unrealistic for many psychiatric conditions, and may result in loss of valuable information. We describe a new model for complex phenotypes, implemented in the program COMDS, which subclassifies normal and affected(More)