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Previous functional imaging studies have explored the brain regions activated by tasks requiring 'theory of mind'--the attribution of mental states. Tasks used have been primarily verbal, and it has been unclear to what extent different results have reflected different tasks, scanning techniques, or genuinely distinct regions of activation. Here we report(More)
Two groups of male university students who had been diagnosed as dyslexic when younger, and two groups of control subjects of similar age and IQ to the dyslexics, were scanned whilst reading aloud and during a task where reading was implicit. The dyslexics performed less well than their peers on a range of literacy tasks and were strikingly impaired on(More)
We present behavioral and anatomical evidence for a multi-component reading system in which different components are differentially weighted depending on culture-specific demands of orthography. Italian orthography is consistent, enabling reliable conversion of graphemes to phonemes to yield correct pronunciation of the word. English orthography is(More)
The recognition of dyslexia as a neurodevelopmental disorder has been hampered by the belief that it is not a specific diagnostic entity because it has variable and culture-specific manifestations. In line with this belief, we found that Italian dyslexics, using a shallow orthography which facilitates reading, performed better on reading tasks than did(More)
Eight dyslexic subjects, impaired on a range of tasks requiring phonological processing, were matched for age and general ability with six control subjects. Participants were scanned using positron emission tomography (PET) during three conditions: repeating real words, repeating pseudowords, and rest. In both groups, speech repetition relative to rest(More)
Forestation of agricultural lands has led to a great increase in the production of plants in forest nurseries in southern Spain. During a disease survey of several nurseries, performed in 1998 and 1999, a necrotic leaf spot was found causing defoliation in seedlings of two mediterranean forest species, the ericaceous shrub Arbutus unedo and the leguminous(More)
  • Ann N J Rept, Agr, +6 authors N Y York
  • 2005
bacter, particularly in the presence of cellulose decomposing organisms. The high acidity of the cranberry soils would preclude the very idea of finding the Azobacter in these soils and the early students6 of this group of organisms were of the opinion that they can not live in acid media at all but the reaction has to be adjusted first to neutrality before(More)
It is shown to be consistent that every function of first Baire class can be decomposed into ℵ 1 continuous functions yet the least cardinal of a dominating family in ω ω is ℵ 2. The model used in the one obtained by adding ω 2 Miller reals to a model of the Continuum Hypothesis. 1. Introduction. In [1] the authors consider the following question: What is(More)