Neville R. Kallenbach

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A class of antimicrobial peptides involved in host defense consists of sequences rich in Arg and Trp-R and -W. Analysis of the pharmacophore in these peptides revealed that chains as short as trimers of sequences such as WRW and RWR have antimicrobial activity (M. B. Strom, B. E. Haug, M. L. Skar, W. Stensen, T. Stiberg, and J. S. Svendsen, J. Med. Chem.(More)
A sequence of seven alanine residues-too short to form an alpha-helix and whose side chains do not interact with each other-is a particularly simple model for testing the common description of denatured proteins as structureless random coils. The (3)J(HN alpha) coupling constants of individual alanine residues have been measured from 2 to 56 degrees C by(More)
The existence of transiently open states in DNA and synthetic polynucleotide double helices has been demonstrated by hydrogen exchange measurements; base pairs reversibly separate and reclose, exposing nucleotide protons to exchange with solvent protons. Recently it has been possible to define the equilibrium, kinetic, and activation parameters of the major(More)
Knowledge of the role of individual side chains in forming different secondary structures such as the alpha-helix would be useful for prediction of protein structure from sequence or de novo protein design. Experimental and theoretical studies on natural and synthetic peptides and proteins indicate that individual side chains differ in their helix-forming(More)
Short peptides that contain significant alpha-helical structure in aqueous solution allow the investigation of the role of amino acid side chains in stabilizing or destabilizing alpha-helix structure. A host-guest system of soluble synthetic peptides was designed that consisted of chains with the block sequence TyrSerGlu4Lys4X3Glu4Lys4, denoted EXK, in(More)
The effects of trifluoroethanol (TFE) on the stability of the alpha-helix formed by ribonuclease S-peptide, residues 1-19 of ribonuclease A, were studied by measuring circular dichroism as a function of TFE concentration, pH, and temperature. The S-peptide forms an unusually stable alpha-helix, which is known to be stabilized by TFE. The magnitude of the(More)
There is growing appreciation of the functional relevance of unfolded proteins in biology. However, unfolded states of proteins have proven inaccessible to the usual techniques for high-resolution structural and energetic characterization. Unfolded states are still generally conceived of as statistical coils, based on the pioneering work of Flory [(1969)(More)
The finding that short alanine peptides possess a high fraction of polyproline II (PII) structure (Phi=-75 degrees, Psi=+145 degrees ) at low temperature has broad implications for unfolded states of proteins. An important question concerns whether or not this structure is locally determined or cooperative. We have monitored the conformation of alanine in a(More)