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Many drugs and chemicals found in the environment are either detoxified by N-acetyltransferase 1 (NAT1, EC and eliminated from the body or bioactivated to metabolites that have the potential to cause toxicity and/or cancer. NAT1 activity in the body is regulated by genetic polymorphisms as well as environmental factors such as substrate-dependent(More)
Arylamine N-acetyltransferase I (NAT1) is a phase II enzyme that acetylates a wide range of arylamine and hydrazine substrates. The NAT1 gene is located on chromosome 8 and shares homology to NAT genes found in most mammalian species. Gene expression occurs from at least two promoters and a number of tissue-specific transcripts have been identified. The(More)
Spermidine-spermine N(1)-acetyltransferase (SSAT) is induced in response to an elevation in intracellular polyamine pools. The increased enzyme activity is the result of an increase in gene transcription, mRNA translation, and protein stability. Induction of SSAT by polyamine analogues can lead to intracellular polyamine depletion and apoptosis. The(More)
Human N-acetyltransferase type 1 (NAT1) catalyses the N- or O-acetylation of various arylamine and heterocyclic amine substrates and is able to bioactivate several known carcinogens. Despite wide inter-individual variability in activity, historically, NAT1 was considered to be monomorphic in nature. However, recent reports of allelic variation at the NAT1(More)
The human arylamine N-acetyltransferases first attracted attention because of their role in drug metabolism. However, much of the current literature has focused on their role in the activation and detoxification of environmental carcinogens and how genetic polymorphisms in the genes create predispositions to increased or decreased cancer risk. There are two(More)
While plasma proteins can influence the physicochemical properties of nanoparticles, the adsorption of protein to the surface of nanomaterials can also alter the structure and function of the protein. Here, we show that plasma proteins form a hard corona around synthetic layered silicate nanoparticles (LSN) and that one of the principle proteins is serum(More)
Arylamine N-acetyltransferase-1 (NAT1) is a polymorphically expressed enzyme that is widely distributed throughout the body. In the present study, we provide evidence for substrate-dependent regulation of this enzyme. Human peripheral blood mononuclear cells cultured in medium supplemented with p-aminobenzoic acid (PABA; 6 microM) for 24 h showed a(More)
Dopamine neurotoxicity is associated with several neurodegenerative diseases, and neurons utilize several mechanisms, including uptake and metabolism, to protect them from injury. Metabolism of dopamine involves three enzymes: monoamine oxidase, catechol O-methyltransferase, and sulfotransferase. In primates but not lower order animals, a sulfotransferase(More)
The arylamine N-acetyltransferases (NATs) are involved in the metabolism of a variety of different compounds that we are exposed to on a daily basis. Many drugs and chemicals found in the environment, such as those in cigarette smoke, car exhaust fumes and in foodstuffs, can be either detoxified by NATs and eliminated from the body or bioactivated to(More)
Arylamine N-acetyltransferase-1 (NAT1) is an enzyme that catalyzes the biotransformation of arylamine and hydrazine substrates. It also has a role in the catabolism of the folate metabolite p-aminobenzoyl glutamate. Recent bioinformatics studies have correlated NAT1 expression with various cancer subtypes. However, a direct role for NAT1 in cell biology has(More)