Neuza Satomi Sato

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Helix 38 (H38) in 23 S rRNA, which is known as the "A-site finger (ASF)," is located in the intersubunit space of the ribosomal 50 S subunit and, together with protein S13 in the 30 S subunit, it forms bridge B1a. It is known that throughout the decoding process, ASF interacts directly with the A-site tRNA. Bridge B1a becomes disrupted by the ratchet-like(More)
During protein synthesis, the ribosome catalyzes peptide-bond formation. Biochemical and structural studies revealed that conserved nucleotides in the peptidyl-transferase center (PTC) and its proximity may play a key role in peptide-bond formation; the exact mechanism involved remains unclear. To more precisely define the functional importance of the(More)
Ribosomal (r) RNAs play a crucial role in the fundamental structure and function of the ribosome. Helix 69 (H69) (position 1906-1924), a highly conserved stem-loop in domain IV of the 23 S rRNA of bacterial 50 S subunits, is located on the surface for intersubunit association with the 30 S subunit by connecting with helix 44 of 16 S rRNA with the bridge(More)
Ribosomal protein L2 is a highly conserved primary 23S rRNA-binding protein. L2 specifically recognizes the internal bulge sequence in Helix 66 (H66) of 23S rRNA and is localized to the intersubunit space through formation of bridge B7b with 16S rRNA. The L2-binding site in H66 is highly conserved in prokaryotic ribosomes, whereas the corresponding site in(More)
Ribosomal RNAs (rRNAs) play crucial roles in protein biosynthesis. The decoding center of 16S rRNA in 30S subunit affords a place for interaction between mRNA and tRNA, and contributes to the fidelity of the decoding by monitoring the codon-anticodon base pairing. The helices 18 and 44 in 16S rRNA are known to be major components of the decoding center. To(More)
Ribosomal RNAs (rRNAs) form a fundamental structure of ribosome, and play crucial roles in protein biosynthesis. To investigate functional importance of RNA helices in both 16S and 23S rRNAs, we devised an E. coli genetic system that allowed us to identify and select functional deletions in rRNAs. We here describe many RNA helices in rRNAs to be shortened(More)
HIV-1, human T cell lymphotropic virus type 1 and type 2 (HTLV-1 and HTLV-2) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) are common among intravenous drug users (IDUs) and can cause chronic infections in the host. Usually, the diagnosis of such viruses employs serological assays; however, some difficulties in confirming HTLV-2 infection have been reported in high-risk(More)
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