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Pronounced adrenarche with precocious pubarche (PP) in girls has been associated with hyperinsulinism and subsequent functional ovarian hyperandrogenism (FOH). Recently, pronounced adrenarche and insulin resistance have each been related to low birth weight. We have now tested the hypothesis that the frequent concurrence of PP with pronounced adrenarche,(More)
FSH and insulin are key hormones involved in spontaneous ovulation. Adolescent girls born small for gestational age (SGA) are at risk for FSH and insulin resistance. We have assessed whether ovulation rate is reduced in SGA girls. Ovulatory function was assessed by weekly filter paper progesterone measurements, obtained by finger-stick auto-sampling for 3(More)
Associations between low birth weight and higher adrenal androgen secretion before puberty have yet only been reported in case-control studies in girls. We examined the influence of birth weight and early postnatal weight gain on overnight-fasting adrenal androgen and cortisol levels in 770 children from a large normal United Kingdom birth cohort at age 8(More)
The postpubertal outcome of a group of girls diagnosed of premature pubarche during childhood was assessed 1) to determine the incidence of functional ovarian hyperandrogenism (FOH) through the ovarian-steroidogenic response to the GnRH agonist leuprolide acetate, 2) to validate leuprolide acetate stimulation in FOH diagnosis, and 3) to ascertain whether(More)
Adrenarche is the puberty of the adrenal gland. The descriptive term pubarche indicates the appearance of pubic hair, which may be accompanied by axillary hair. This process is considered premature if it occurs before age 8 yr in girls and 9 yr in boys. The chief hormonal product of adrenarche is dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) and its sulfated product(More)
The fasting insulin resistance index, mean blood glucose, mean serum insulin (MSI), early insulin response to glucose, glucose uptake rate in peripheral tissues, and insulin sensitivity indexes in response to a standard oral glucose tolerance test; serum insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I), IGF-binding protein-1 (IGFBP-1), IGFBP-3, and sex hormone(More)
Serum dehydroepiandrosterone-sulfate (DHEAS) is a classic marker for adrenarche and, subsequently, for the individual hormonal milieu. We have tested the hypothesis that prenatal growth reduction is followed by exaggerated adrenarche. Serum DHEAS, androstenedione and insulin concentrations were determined together with fasting glycemia in matched(More)
CONTEXT We studied two sisters with congenital hypothyroidism and choreoathetosis but not respiratory distress. OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to establish the genetic defect that causes this phenotype and study the molecular mechanisms of the pathology by means of functional analysis. DESIGN Sequencing of DNA, expression vectors generation, EMSAs,(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the gonadotropin and ovarian steroid responses to the GnRH agonist (GnRH-a) leuprolide acetate (LA) in premature pubarche girls and in Tanner stage- and bone age-matched controls to ascertain whether the ovarian 17-hydroxyprogesterone (17-OHP) hyper-response to GnRH-a challenge present in some subsets of adolescent premature pubarche(More)
The natural history of girls with premature pubarche is reported to be normal, but the effects on puberty and on final height are not well documented. We assessed the outcome of a group of girls with premature pubarche from two Latin populations in whom 21-hydroxylase deficiency had been ruled out by an ACTH test. Patients comprised 127 girls (70(More)