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BACKGROUND Airway wall thickening has been observed in post mortem studies of patients with asthma. Assessment of airway wall thickening by high resolution computed tomographic (HRCT) scanning has been reported in experimental studies. We have used HRCT scanning to measure airway wall thickness at the segmental and subsegmental levels in 40 patients with(More)
Alterations in the structure of the airways, collectively termed airway remodelling, contribute to airflow obstruction in a variety of chronic lung diseases. While histology has provided valuable insights into the structure of airway wall remodelling, this technique is invasive and does not allow the longitudinal analysis of airway wall dimensions.(More)
Asthmatic airway narrowing is heterogeneous and contributes to airway hyperresponsiveness. The present study compared heterogeneity of narrowing during methacholine challenge in asthmatics and normal subjects using high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT). The current authors defined heterogeneity as variability in narrowing greater than the repeatability(More)
OBJECTIVE We wanted to determine minimal tube current (mAs) required for consistently good image quality on conventional 10-mm collimation chest CT and effect of tube current reduction on detection of mediastinal and lung abnormalities. Tube current reduction is desirable to reduce patient radiation dose. SUBJECTS AND METHODS Prospectively, 30 consecutive(More)
The aim of the present study was to correlate clinical outcome measures following treatment with bronchial valves with regional lung volume. Computed tomography (CT) scan data from 57 subjects with severe emphysema were obtained from nine North American clinical trial sites. IBV(R) Valves (Spiration, Inc., Redmond, WA, USA) were placed to occlude segmental(More)
Atelectasis following coronary artery bypass surgery (CAB) occurs in the majority of patients. To determine the importance of operative variables in the development of postoperative atelectasis and the incidence of phrenic nerve injury caused by topical cold cardioplegic solution, we studied 57 patients (53 male, four female) undergoing CAB. Their mean age,(More)
To assess the role of emphysema on the hyperinflation in chronic asthma, we studied 20 subjects with irreversible airflow limitation. Ten of the subjects had asthma and had never smoked; the other ten were cigarette smokers. Pulmonary function testing and chest computed tomography (CT) scans were performed on all subjects. Emphysema was graded using a score(More)
OBJECTIVES To compare the clinical, bacteriologic, and radiologic features of pulmonary and pleural tuberculosis in young adults and the elderly and determine if any differences exist between both groups. DESIGN Prospective recruitment of all patients diagnosed as having pulmonary and pleural tuberculosis in British Columbia, Canada. SETTING A(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to determine whether the various chronic cystic lung diseases can be differentiated on the basis of the pattern and distribution of abnormalities on high-resolution CT. MATERIALS AND METHODS High-resolution CT scans in 92 patients with chronic cystic lung diseases (18 with pulmonary Langerhans cell histiocytosis,(More)