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BACKGROUND Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM) is the most common demyelinating disorder of childhood. Its clinical features, prognosis and treatment vary in different reports. OBJECTIVES To examine a series of children with ADEM for clinical findings, course, recurrences, and possible variables affecting outcome. METHODS Multicentric data(More)
Sixteen children, aged from 2 months to 14 years, with a diagnosis of acute seizures and seen at Dr. Sami Ulus Child Health and Disease Center, were included in this study. Midazolam (5 mg/mL) 0.2 mg/kg was administered intranasally in 30 seconds by an injector. The heart rate, respiratory rate, blood pressure, and oxygen saturation were recorded at 0, 5,(More)
In this study, the effects and side effects of rectal diazepam and intranasal midazolam were compared in the treatment of acute convulsions in children to develop a practical and safe treatment protocol. In the diazepam group, the seizures of 13 (60%) patients terminated in 10 minutes; however, 9 (40%) patients did not respond. In the midazolam group, 20(More)
The aims of the study were to compare the clinical types, electroencephalogram (EEG) and cranial magnetic resonance imaging/computed tomography findings of epileptic and non-epileptic cerebral palsy (CP) patients. Seventy-four patients with CP were evaluated in 2 years. Tetraplegic CP had a higher incidence of epilepsy (60.5%). EEG was confirmed abnormal in(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Myelin instability and citrullinated myelin basic protein have been demonstrated in the brains of patients with chronic and fulminating forms of multiple sclerosis (MS). Our aim was to trace citrulline in the brains of patients with early-onset MS by using proton MR spectroscopy ((1)H-MR spectroscopy). MATERIALS AND METHODS A(More)
Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging has an important role in the diagnosis of metachromatic leukodystrophy (MLD). We report diffusion-weighted MR imaging (DWI) findings of four cases of juvenile type MLD. DWI showed restricted diffusion lines with greater areas of increased diffusion in three patients and widespread increased diffusion in one patient. This(More)
Eukaryotic initiation factor 2B (eIF2B)-related disorders are heritable white matter disorders with a variable clinical phenotype (including vanishing white matter disease and ovarioleukodystrophy) and an equally heterogeneous genotype. We report 9 novel mutations in the EIF2B genes in our subject population, increasing the number of known mutations to more(More)
We describe a 14-year-old female patient with progressive ponto-bulbar palsy and deafness. The first symptom was present at the age of 9 as a difficulty in walking and then she was stable with mild clumsy walking till 14 year-old. It was noticed that she had rapidly progression gait disorder, hearing loss, difficulty in swallowing and speaking in a period(More)
Devic's neuromyelitis optica was orginally described as an acute severe monophasic syndrome characterised by myelitis and optic neuritis. The mean age at onset was reported to be around 40 years, with a wide range. However, Devic's neuromyelitis optica has also been seen in children. Prognosis of the syndrome was poor, and no satisfactory treatment was(More)
Neurodegenerative diseases characterized by cytoskeletal deformation and neurofibrillary tangles are associated with altered levels of tau and related proteins in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). Neuronal or glial fibrillary tangles have been shown in 20% of subacute sclerosing panencephalitis (SSPE) patients. We therefore investigated CSF samples from 60 newly(More)