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MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play critical regulatory roles in the physiological and pathological processes. The high stability of miRNAs in human serum represents attractive novel diagnostic biomarkers of clinical conditions. Several studies have shown that aberrant expression of miRNAs in human cancer including lung cancer, but little is known about their effects(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM Recently, it has been suggested that single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in some cytokine genes may influence the production of the associated cytokines that affect the host immune response to pegylated interferon-α (Peg-IFN-α) with ribavirin (RBV) in hepatitis C virus (HCV) patients. The aim of the present study was to investigate the(More)
This study examined the downstream signaling whereby hyperglycemia may lead to myocardial fibrosis and apoptosis in the left ventricle of diabetic rats. The effects of sulfurous mineral water or sodium hydrosulfide (NaHS) as possible modulators were also examined. Sulfurous mineral water (as drinking water) and NaHS (14μmol/kg/day, IP) were administered for(More)
It is well established that hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) develops in a multistep process, from chronic hepatitis, cirrhosis to HCC. Adipose tissue is not simply an energy storage organ but also a secretory organ, producing a variety of bioactive molecules known as adipokines, including adiponectin and leptin. Hyaluronic acid (HA) is an extracellular(More)
Visceral adipose fat has been claimed to be the link between obesity and insulin resistance through the released adipokines. This study aimed to assess the expression of vaspin as one of the recent adipokines in rats abdominal subcutaneous and visceral fat in diet-induced obese (DIO) and in DIO performing 3 weeks swimming exercise (DIO + EXE) compared to(More)
Bronchial asthma is a common disease with multiple determinants that include genetic variation. Although tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) is a major pro-inflammatory cytokine, the functions of genetic polymorphisms in this cytokine has not been thoroughly examined in the context of asthma pathology. Therefore, we aimed to investigate whether single(More)
Cadmium (Cd) is one of the environmental pollutants that affect various tissues and organs including testis. Harmful effect of cadmium on testis is known to be germ cell degeneration and impairment of testicular steroidogenesis. In the present study, the effect of diallyl sulfide (DAS), a sulfur-containing volatile compound present in garlic, and zinc (Zn)(More)
BACKGROUND De-regulation of Wnt signalling is increasingly being implicated in both experimental and human carcinogenesis including colon cancer. AIMS Our goal was to identify possible dietary agents that block Wnt signalling as a step toward investigating new strategies for suppression of colon cancer. Pomegranate extract has emerged as an intriguing(More)
Osteopontin (OPN) is an extracellular matrix glycophosphoprotein produced by several types of cells including the immune system. The present study examined the possibility that single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) in the promoter region of the OPN at nt -443 is a marker predicting the therapeutic efficacy of pegylated interferon (peg-IFN-α2b)-ribavirin(More)
Egypt has the highest prevalence of hepatitis C virus (HCV) in the world. It has been suggested that not only the virus but also the interaction between the virus and the host immune system is important in determining the course of the infection and the response to interferon (IFN)-based therapy. While the adaptive immune system plays a critical role in HCV(More)