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While the role of CC chemokines in mononuclear cell trafficking and activation has been well studied, the functional role of CC chemokines in the regulation of polymorphonuclear neutrophil (PMN) recruitment in vivo has not been widely examined. Bacterial infection of the cornea (keratitis) is a relatively common, sometimes sight-threatening disease, which(More)
With estimated numbers of contact lens wearers worldwide exceeding 140 million, even complications with a low incidence will affect a significant number of individuals. Although contact lenses clearly have many advantages for wearers, certain risks have been associated with their use. Differences in risk for different types of contact lenses and wearing(More)
PURPOSE Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are degrading enzymes which maintain and remodel tissue architecture. Upregulation of MMP-9 has been associated with corneal erosions and ulceration. As these conditions are often exacerbated on waking, suggesting that degrading activity is upregulated overnight, this study set out to determine the diurnal variation(More)
PURPOSE To develop a stable antimicrobial contact lens, which is effective against the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) panel microorganisms, Acanthamoeba castellanii and drug resistant strains of Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus aureus. METHODS Melimine was covalently incorporated into etafilcon A lenses. The amount of(More)
The greater prevalence of dry eye in women compared to men suggests that sex hormones may have a role in this condition. This review aims to present evidence for how sex hormones may affect the ocular structures involved in the production, regulation and maintenance of the normal tear film. It is hypothesised that hormone changes alter the homeostasis of(More)
Contact lens wear continues to be the highest single risk factor for microbial keratitis, particularly when worn in the extended wear modality. For microbial keratitis to occur, the presence of at least a bacterial load as well as a break in the corneal surface is required. One such break occurs in the case of a corneal erosion. These well-circumscribed(More)
OBJECTIVES The objectives of this study were to determine whether a synergistic effect could be obtained in vitro between bovine lactoferricin (B-LFcin) and antibiotics against Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus aureus isolates from ocular infections, and to evaluate the use of B-LFcin as an adjunct to the antibiotic treatment of corneal infection in(More)
PURPOSE To study the histopathology of paralimbal bulbar conjunctival flaps occurring secondary to soft contact lens wear. METHODS Slit-lamp biomicroscopy using sodium fluorescein, cobalt blue light, and a Wratten filter was used to observe the presence, location, and dimensions of bulbar conjunctival flaps presenting in a cohort of contact lens wearers.(More)
The process of any contact lens related keratitis generally starts with the adhesion of opportunistic pathogens to contact lens surface. This article focuses on identifying the factors which have been reported to affect bacterial adhesion to contact lenses. Adhesion to lenses differs between various genera/species/strains of bacteria. Pseudomonas(More)
Strains of Pseudomonas aeruginosa causing keratitis can be either cytotoxic (6206) or invasive (6294), while a strain (Paer1) causing contact lens-induced acute red eye has been shown to be neither. In situ hybridization was used to examine the location and identity of cells expressing interleukin-6 (IL-6) mRNA in the murine cornea and changes in expression(More)