Neri Accornero

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One hypothesis for the generation of spatially oriented arm movements by the central nervous system is that a desired joint position is determined by the ratio of the tensions of agonist and antagonist muscles. According to this hypothesis, the transition between equilibrium states should be solely a function of the contraction time of the motor units and(More)
We studied the performance of sequential arm movements in 14 patients with Parkinson's disease, nine patients with Huntington's disease and seven patients with arm dystonia. The results were compared with those from normal subjects. Subjects had to perform each movement of the sequence as fast as possible, stopping as briefly as possible between two(More)
Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) at low intensity induces changes in cortical excitability that persist after polarization ends. The effects of anodal and cathodal polarization remain controversial. We studied changes in visual evoked potentials (VEPs) during and after anodal and cathodal tDCS by applying, in healthy volunteers, 1 mA(More)
The formation of forearm trajectories of moderate velocities (0.3–1.3 rad/s) was studied in monkeys performing a simple visuomotor task. The experiments were designed to test the hypothesis that the transition from one position to another is subserved by a rapid shift to a final equilibrium of forces in agonist and antagonist muscles. This idea is(More)
Unlike conventional platform posturography, which analyses the sway in the projection of the body baricentre on a supporting plane, multisegmental posturography provides information about body segmental movements during stance, including those that keep the baricentre still. This paper presents a new technical approach to multisegmental posturography using(More)
The silent period after contralateral and ipsilateral transcranial magnetic brain stimulation was studied in patients with Parkinson's disease before and after dopaminergic and anticholinergic therapy; in normal subjects before and after L-dopa administration and in patients with drug-induced parkinsonism. In patients and normal subjects the silent period(More)
Direct currents (DC) applied directly to central nervous system structures produce substantial and long-lasting effects in animal experiments. We tested the functional effects of very weak scalp DC (< 0.5 mA, 7 s) on the human motor cortex by assessing the changes in motor potentials evoked by transcranial magnetic brain stimulation. We performed four(More)
1. The differential block of cutaneous nerve fibres has been achieved with a simple method of electrical stimulation, employing a single pair of active electrodes. 2. The method allows the selective activation of 95% of small myelinated (delta) axons, without activation of the larger (beta) ones; and activation of unmyelinated (C) fibres, without A fibre(More)
Blinking, a motor act consisting of a closing and an opening eyelid movement, can be performed voluntarily, spontaneously, and reflexly. In this study we investigated the kinematic features of voluntary, spontaneous, and reflex blinking in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD), OFF and ON dopaminergic treatment. Patients were asked to blink voluntarily as(More)
During detailed visual function testing, pattern-reversal visual evoked potentials (VEP), generated by different spatial frequencies (3c/d, 1c/d and 0.6c/d) and visual contrasts (100% and 10%) were recorded in 21 adolescent and young adult phenylketonuric (PKU) patients (11 females and 10 males; mean age 14.8 years, range 9–22.8) on and off diet. In 14 of(More)