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One hypothesis for the generation of spatially oriented arm movements by the central nervous system is that a desired joint position is determined by the ratio of the tensions of agonist and antagonist muscles. According to this hypothesis, the transition between equilibrium states should be solely a function of the contraction time of the motor units and(More)
The silent period after contralateral and ipsilateral transcranial magnetic brain stimulation was studied in patients with Parkinson's disease before and after dopaminergic and anticholinergic therapy; in normal subjects before and after L-dopa administration and in patients with drug-induced parkinsonism. In patients and normal subjects the silent period(More)
We studied the performance of sequential arm movements in 14 patients with Parkinson's disease, nine patients with Huntington's disease and seven patients with arm dystonia. The results were compared with those from normal subjects. Subjects had to perform each movement of the sequence as fast as possible, stopping as briefly as possible between two(More)
Blinking, a motor act consisting of a closing and an opening eyelid movement, can be performed voluntarily, spontaneously, and reflexly. In this study we investigated the kinematic features of voluntary, spontaneous, and reflex blinking in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD), OFF and ON dopaminergic treatment. Patients were asked to blink voluntarily as(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate whether differences in visual evoked potential (VEP) latencies in a large sample of healthy subjects are influenced by different head size or sex or both. METHODS Black-and-white pattern-reversal checkerboard VEPs at a frequency of 2c/deg. were recorded in a group of 54 normal subjects of both sexes (age 30.15+/-9.12 years). P100(More)
In this pilot study we evaluated electroencephalographic (EEG) mean frequency changes induced by prefrontal transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) and investigated whether they depended on tDCS electrode montage. Eight healthy volunteers underwent tDCS for 15 min during EEG recording. They completed six tDCS sessions, 1 wk apart, testing left and(More)
The formation of forearm trajectories of moderate velocities (0.3-1.3 rad/s) was studied in monkeys performing a simple visuomotor task. The experiments were designed to test the hypothesis that the transition from one position to another is subserved by a rapid shift to a final equilibrium of forces in agonist and antagonist muscles. This idea is(More)
Direct currents (DC) applied directly to central nervous system structures produce substantial and long-lasting effects in animal experiments. We tested the functional effects of very weak scalp DC (< 0.5 mA, 7 s) on the human motor cortex by assessing the changes in motor potentials evoked by transcranial magnetic brain stimulation. We performed four(More)
BACKGROUND The adverse effects of the antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) originally developed are well known, while those of the newer AEDs remain unclear. OBJECTIVE To investigate clinical, cognitive, and neurophysiologic effects of carbamazepine, oxcarbazepine, and levetiracetam in healthy volunteers. METHODS A double-blind crossover study was conducted in 10(More)
Unlike conventional platform posturography, which analyses the sway in the projection of the body baricentre on a supporting plane, multisegmental posturography provides information about body segmental movements during stance, including those that keep the baricentre still. This paper presents a new technical approach to multisegmental posturography using(More)