Neratur Krishnappagowda Lokanath

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Crystal structures are known for several glycosyl hydrolase family 10 (GH10) xylanases. However, none of them is from an alkalophilic organism that can grow in alkaline conditions. We have determined the crystal structures at 2.2 Angstroms of a GH10 extracellular endoxylanase (BSX) from an alkalophilic Bacillus sp. NG-27, for the native and the complex(More)
UDP-glucose pyrophosphorylases (UGPase; EC catalyze the conversion of UTP and glucose-1-phosphate to UDP-glucose and pyrophosphate and vice versa. Prokaryotic UGPases are distinct from their eukaryotic counterparts and are considered appropriate targets for the development of novel antibacterial agents since their product, UDP-glucose, is(More)
2-Deoxyribose-5-phosphate aldolase catalyzes a reversible aldol condensation of two aldehydes via formation of a covalent Schiff-base intermediate at the active lysine residue. The crystal structure of 2-deoxyribose-5-phosphate aldolase from Thermus thermophilus HB8 has been determined with and without the substrate at atomic resolution. This enzyme, which(More)
HtrA (high temperature requirement A), a periplasmic heat-shock protein, functions as a molecular chaperone at low temperatures, and its proteolytic activity is turned on at elevated temperatures. To investigate the mechanism of functional switch to protease, we determined the crystal structure of the NH(2)-terminal protease domain (PD) of HtrA from(More)
Escherichia coli SdiA is a quorum-sensing (QS) receptor that responds to autoinducers produced by other bacterial species to control cell division and virulence. Crystal structures reveal that E. coli SdiA, which is composed of an N-terminal ligand-binding domain and a C-terminal DNA-binding domain (DBD), forms a symmetrical dimer. Although each domain(More)
A conserved feature of poxviruses is a protein, well characterized as E3L in vaccinia virus, that confers IFN resistance on the virus. This protein comprises two domains, an N-terminal Z-DNA-binding protein domain (Zalpha) and a C-terminal double-stranded RNA-binding domain. Both are required for pathogenicity of vaccinia virus in mice infected by(More)
3-Hydroxyisobutyrate, a central metabolite in the valine catabolic pathway, is reversibly oxidized to methylmalonate semialdehyde by a specific dehydrogenase belonging to the 3-hydroxyacid dehydrogenase family. To gain insight into the function of this enzyme at the atomic level, we have determined the first crystal structures of the 3-hydroxyisobutyrate(More)
A high-throughput crystallization-to-structure pipeline for structural genomics was recently developed at the Advanced Protein Crystallography Research Group of the RIKEN SPring-8 Center in Japan. The structure determination pipeline includes three newly developed technologies for automating X-ray protein crystallography: the automated crystallization and(More)
Replication factor C (RFC) is the accessory protein required to load the proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) onto DNA in replication process. RFC is composed of several subunits and each subunit contains the highly conserved sequences RFC boxes II-VIII. RFC boxes II-VIII of the large subunit of replication factor C from Methanococcus jannaschii has(More)
The glycine-cleavage system component T-protein is a folate-dependent enzyme that catalyzes the formation of ammonia and 5,10-CH2-tetrahydrofolate from the aminomethyl intermediate bound to the lipoate cofactor of H-protein. T-protein from Pyrococcus horikoshii OT3 has been cloned, overexpressed in Escherichia coli, purified and crystallized by the(More)