Neratur Krishnappagowda Lokanath

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HtrA (high temperature requirement A), a periplasmic heat-shock protein, functions as a molecular chaperone at low temperatures, and its proteolytic activity is turned on at elevated temperatures. To investigate the mechanism of functional switch to protease, we determined the crystal structure of the NH(2)-terminal protease domain (PD) of HtrA from(More)
Crystal structures are known for several glycosyl hydrolase family 10 (GH10) xylanases. However, none of them is from an alkalophilic organism that can grow in alkaline conditions. We have determined the crystal structures at 2.2 Angstroms of a GH10 extracellular endoxylanase (BSX) from an alkalophilic Bacillus sp. NG-27, for the native and the complex(More)
UDP-glucose pyrophosphorylases (UGPase; EC catalyze the conversion of UTP and glucose-1-phosphate to UDP-glucose and pyrophosphate and vice versa. Prokaryotic UGPases are distinct from their eukaryotic counterparts and are considered appropriate targets for the development of novel antibacterial agents since their product, UDP-glucose, is(More)
Escherichia coli SdiA is a quorum-sensing (QS) receptor that responds to autoinducers produced by other bacterial species to control cell division and virulence. Crystal structures reveal that E. coli SdiA, which is composed of an N-terminal ligand-binding domain and a C-terminal DNA-binding domain (DBD), forms a symmetrical dimer. Although each domain(More)
3-Hydroxyisobutyrate, a central metabolite in the valine catabolic pathway, is reversibly oxidized to methylmalonate semialdehyde by a specific dehydrogenase belonging to the 3-hydroxyacid dehydrogenase family. To gain insight into the function of this enzyme at the atomic level, we have determined the first crystal structures of the 3-hydroxyisobutyrate(More)
Archaeal H(+)-ATPase (A-ATPase) is composed of an A(1) region that hydrolyzes ATP and an integral membrane part A(0) that conducts protons. Subunit E is a component of peripheral stator(s) that physically links A(1) and A(0) parts of the A-ATPase. Here we report the first crystal structure of subunit E of A-ATPase from Pyrococcus horikoshii OT3 at 1.85 A(More)
Inorganic pyrophosphatase (PPase) is a ubiquitous cytosolic enzyme which catalyzes the hydrolysis of inorganic pyrophosphate (PPi) to orthophosphate (Pi). The crystal structure of inorganic pyrophosphatase from Helicobacter pylori (H-PPase) has been solved by MAD and refined to an R factor of 20.6% at 2.6 A resolution. The crystallographic asymmetric unit(More)
A conserved feature of poxviruses is a protein, well characterized as E3L in vaccinia virus, that confers IFN resistance on the virus. This protein comprises two domains, an N-terminal Z-DNA-binding protein domain (Zalpha) and a C-terminal double-stranded RNA-binding domain. Both are required for pathogenicity of vaccinia virus in mice infected by(More)
2-Deoxyribose-5-phosphate aldolase catalyzes a reversible aldol condensation of two aldehydes via formation of a covalent Schiff-base intermediate at the active lysine residue. The crystal structure of 2-deoxyribose-5-phosphate aldolase from Thermus thermophilus HB8 has been determined with and without the substrate at atomic resolution. This enzyme, which(More)