Neoklis A. Georgopoulos

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BACKGROUND Conflicting results regarding adiponectin levels in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) have been reported. To evaluate adiponectin levels in PCOS, a systematic review of all studies comparing adiponectin levels in women with PCOS with healthy controls and a meta-analysis of those involving women with similar body mass index (BMI) were(More)
Iodine is an essential element for thyroid hormone synthesis. The thyroid gland has the capacity and holds the machinery to handle the iodine efficiently when the availability of iodine becomes scarce, as well as when iodine is available in excessive quantities. The latter situation is handled by the thyroid by acutely inhibiting the organification of(More)
We studied 262 athletes who were 13-23 yr old. There were 93 male and 169 female artistic gymnasts (AG). This study is unique in character, because all variables were measured on the field of competition (24th European Championship). Male AG had a higher height SD score than female (P < 0.001), with a higher reported target height SD score (P < 0.001), a(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the impact of metformin and of two different oral contraceptives (OCs) containing cyproterone acetate and drospirenone, on serum anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) levels, in a cohort of women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) with hyperandrogenism. DESIGN Prospective randomised study. SETTING Division of Endocrinology and Human(More)
CONTEXT Puberty is a crucial period of dramatic hormonal changes, accelerated growth, attainment of reproductive capacity, and acquisition of peak bone mass. Participation in recreational physical activity is widely acknowledged to provide significant health benefits in this period. Conversely, intense training imposes several constraints, such as training(More)
OBJECTIVE The peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)gamma is a transcription factor involved in glucose homeostasis and energy metabolism. A missense mutation at codon 12 in the PPARgamma2 has been associated with increased body mass index (BMI) and attenuated insulin resistance (IR) in polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). We have recently shown a(More)
The aim of the present study was to determine the prevalence and association of the G972S polymorphism of the insulin receptor substrate-1 gene (IRS-1 G972S SNP) with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and insulin resistance-related traits in a distinct phenotypic group of lean PCOS women with biochemical hyperandrogenemia, excluding obesity, which is(More)
The study included 26 patients with idiopathic hypogonadotropic hypogonadism (24 sporadic and 2 familial). The Pro146Ser mutation was identified in the gonadotropin-releasing hormone receptor (GnRHR) gene in two sisters as well as in their mother, and one polymorphism in the GnRH1 gene (the Trp16Ser) was identified in four patients. No mutations in(More)
In a toxic thyroid adenoma we identified a novel somatic mutation that constitutively activates the thyrotropin receptor (TSHR). Two heterozygous point mutations at adjacent nucleotides led to a substitution of alanine with asparagine at codon 593 (A593N) in the fifth transmembrane helix of TSHR. This somatic mutation resided on the same TSHR allele with(More)