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Muscle ultrasound is a convenient technique to visualize normal and pathological muscle tissue as it is non-invasive and real-time. Neuromuscular disorders give rise to structural muscle changes that can be visualized with ultrasound: atrophy can be objectified by measuring muscle thickness, while infiltration of fat and fibrous tissue increases muscle echo(More)
BACKGROUND Physical training might delay the functional deterioration caused by disuse in boys with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). The "No Use Is Disuse" study is the first explorative, randomized controlled trial in boys with DMD to examine whether assisted bicycle training is feasible, safe, and beneficial. METHODS Ambulatory and recently(More)
On investigation of 101 attacks in 24 patients with hereditary neuralgic amyotrophy (HNA) from nine different families, we found that HNA can run two distinct courses: a 'classic' relapsing-remitting and a chronic undulating type with exacerbations. Only one type occurred per family, suggesting genetic heterogeneity. This is supported by the finding that(More)
INTRODUCTION Effects of systemic inflammation on cerebral function are not clear, as both inflammation-induced encephalopathy as well as stress-hormone mediated alertness have been described. METHODS Experimental endotoxemia (2 ng/kg Escherichia coli lipopolysaccharide [LPS]) was induced in 15 subjects, whereas 10 served as controls. Cytokines (TNF-alpha,(More)
Neuralgic amyotrophy--also known as Parsonage-Turner syndrome or brachial plexus neuritis--is a distinct and painful peripheral neuropathy that causes episodes of multifocal paresis and sensory loss in a brachial plexus distribution with concomitant involvement of other PNS structures (such as the lumbosacral plexus or phrenic nerve) in a large number of(More)
Responsive outcome measures are needed to follow the disease status of Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) patients, as new therapeutic approaches become available for affected boys. Quantitative muscle ultrasound (QMUS) is potentially an attractive follow up tool for DMD because it reflects the severity of the dystrophic process without the need for invasive(More)
UNLABELLED In this study we investigated the diagnostic value of quantitative skeletal muscle ultrasonography in 150 consecutively referred children with symptoms suspect for a neuromuscular disorder. Muscle thickness and quantitatively determined echo intensity of four muscles and the distribution of these variables within the body were examined. RESULTS(More)
BACKGROUND In autosomal dominant cerebellar ataxias (ADCAs), it is unclear whether the associated peripheral nerve involvement is always a typical length-dependent axonopathy rather than primary neuronopathy due to neuronal degeneration in the spinal anterior horns and/or dorsal root ganglia. OBJECTIVE To study the nature and extent of peripheral nerve(More)
OBJECTIVE Muscle ultrasound is capable of visualizing muscle movements. Recent improvements in ultrasound technology have raised the question whether it is also possible to detect small-scale spontaneous muscle activity such as denervation. In this study we investigated the ability of dynamic muscle ultrasound to detect fibrillations. METHODS Eight(More)
Localized scleroderma is characterized by idiopathic fibrosis of the skin and adjacent structures, and muscle involvement occurs predominantly in deep morphea. We report a patient with linear scleroderma who presented with slowly progressive atrophy, muscle weakness, and loss of function of her right arm, mimicking a neuromuscular disorder. Muscle biopsy(More)