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In the year 2000, three hundred and eighty-one animals werw caught in 11 locations in the pedunculate oak forests extending across the wider region of the Sava River valley, an area known as an old natural focus of leptospires. Two hundred and twenty-seven animals were investigated for leptospiral carriership, 381 were tested for the existence of specific(More)
During the 10-year survey (1996–2005), a total of 868 blood samples from different game species in Croatia were analyzed for the presence of leptospiral antibodies. The specific antibodies (AB) were detected in 242 samples (27.88%). According to the species in red deer (Cervus elaphus), the antibodies against six different leptospiral serovars were found in(More)
Advanced glycation of protein causes their immunogenicity. The evidence that advanced glycation endproducts (AGEs) have antigenic properties has led to a hypothesis that the AGE structure found in vivo may exert an autoimmune response. In the present study, we showed the sera of diabetic patients as well as of nondiabetic individuals to contain(More)
Plasma platelet-activating factor acetylhydrolase (PAF-AH), the enzyme characterized by the association with plasma lipoproteins, degrades platelet-activating factor (PAF) as well as PAF-like oxidatively fragmented phospholipids produced during oxidative stress. Apart from pro-inflammatory properties, PAF is also related to reproductive processes and(More)
The effect of early lactation on serum paraoxonase activity was studied on 21 postpartum dairy cows and 19 non-pregnant late lactating dairy cows. A significant decrease of the paraoxonase activity was found in the early postpartum period compared to the late non-pregnant lactation. The serum triglyceride, cholesterol and LDL-cholesterol concentration were(More)
Over a period of five years (2005–2010) a total of 358 red fox (Vulpes vulpes) serum samples were collected during regular hunting procedures, mostly in the continental part of Croatia. All samples were tested using the microscopic agglutination test (MAT) for the presence of specific antibodies (Ab) to 12 Leptospira spp. pathogenic serovars. Specific(More)
________________________________________________________________________________________ TURK, N., Z. MILAS, J. HABUŠ, Z. ŠTRITOF MAJETIĆ, V. MOJČEC PERKO, LJ. BARBIĆ, V. STEVANOVIĆ, M. PERHARIĆ, V. STAREŠINA: Equine leptospirosis in Croatia occurrence of subclinical infections and abortions. Vet. arhiv 83, 253-262, 2013. ABSTRACT Clinical leptospirosis in(More)
Collagenous proteins are especially prone to nonenzymatic glycation, because they contain several dibasic amino acid residues with free amino groups, have a very slow turnover rate, and are exposed to ambient levels of glucose. The aim of this study was to determine the time-dependent course of advanced glycation process in diabetic rats in relation to(More)
This study presents the current status of human leptospirosis in Croatia from an epidemiological and clinical viewpoint. Data from annual reports of the Croatian Institute for Public Health as well as archives of the University Hospital for Infectious Diseases 'Dr Fran Mihaljevic' (UHID) in Zagreb were used in this retrospective cohort analysis. The mean(More)
In this survey we investigated a population of small mammals in Eastern Croatia in order to determine Leptospira carriage rates and identify circulating serovars. Out of 67 trapped animals, 20 (29.9%) isolates were obtained. Identification of isolates using microscopic agglutination test, pulsed field gel electrophoresis and multi locus sequence typing(More)