Nena J Winand

Learn More
MSH5 (MutS homologue 5) is a member of a family of proteins known to be involved in DNA mismatch repair. Germline mutations in MSH2, MLH1 and GTBP (also known as MSH6) cause hereditary non-polyposis colon cancer (HNPCC) or Lynch syndrome. Inactivation of Msh2, Mlh1, Gtmbp (also known as Msh6) or Pms2 in mice leads to hereditary predisposition to intestinal(More)
The majority of Rab proteins are posttranslationally modified with two geranylgeranyl lipid moieties that enable their stable association with membranes. In this study, we present evidence to demonstrate that there is a specific lipid requirement for Rab protein localization and function. Substitution of different prenyl anchors on Rab GTPases does not lead(More)
Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is the most common and the most severe of the muscular dystrophies in man. It is inherited as an X-linked recessive trait and is characterized by ongoing necrosis of skeletal muscle fibres with regeneration and eventually fibrosis and fatty infiltration. Although the gene and gene product which are defective in DMD have(More)
The Rab GTPases are key regulators of membrane traffic. Yip1p is a membrane protein of unknown function that has been reported to interact with the Rabs Ypt1p and Ypt31p. In this study we identify Yif1p, and two unknown open reading frames, Ygl198p and Ygl161p, which we term Yip4p and Yip5p, as Yip1p-related sequences. We demonstrate that the Yip1p-related(More)
The rate-limiting step of folding of the collagen triple helix is catalyzed by cyclophilin B (CypB). The G6R mutation in cyclophilin B found in the American Quarter Horse leads to autosomal recessive hyperelastosis cutis, also known as hereditary equine regional dermal asthenia. The mutant protein shows small structural changes in the region of the mutation(More)
Canine X-linked muscular dystrophy is a spontaneously occurring, progressive, degenerative myopathy of dogs that is clinically and pathologically similar to Duchenne muscular dystrophy in man. The molecular basis for the disease has been shown to be a lack of dystrophin, the protein product of the Duchenne muscular dystrophy gene. Breeding colonies of(More)
In Saccharomyces cerevisiae the MSH5 gene encoding a MutS homolog was identified as a gene required for meiotic crossing over. To understand the role of MSH5 in higher eukaryotes, we have identified both the human and the Caenorhabditis elegans MSH5 genes. The human and C. elegans MSH5 predicted amino acid sequences share, respectively, 25.3 and 22.0%(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine the molecular basis in the dog for an unusual and absolute deficiency in the activity of cytosolic N-acetyltransferase (NAT), an enzyme important for the metabolism of arylamine and hydrazine compounds. NAT activity towards two NAT substrates, p-aminobenzoic acid and sulfamethazine, was undetectable in dog liver(More)
Muscarinic activation of bovine tracheal smooth muscle (BTSM) is involved in cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) production mediated through soluble (sGC) and membrane-bound (mGC) guanylyl cyclases. A muscarinic- and NaCl-sensitive mGC exists in BTSM regulated by muscarinic receptors coupled to G proteins. To identify the mGCs expressed in BTSM, reverse(More)
Equine serum or plasma iron concentration drops quickly during inflammation. Accumulation of iron inside macrophages and reduction of the intestinal absorption of this element cause hypoferremia during systemic inflammatory processes. These mechanisms are mediated by hepcidin, a 25 amino acids peptide synthesized mainly in the liver in response to iron(More)