Nemani V. Prasadarao

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Monoclonal antibody HNK-1 reacts with a carbohydrate epitope present in proteins, proteoglycans, and sulfoglucuronylglycolipids (SGGLs). On high-performance TLC plates, SGGLs of the CNS from several species migrated consistently slower than those from the PNS, a result indicating possible differences in the structures. The structural characteristics of the(More)
Neonatal meningitis due to Escherichia coli K1 is a serious illness with unchanged morbidity and mortality rates for the last few decades. The lack of a comprehensive understanding of the mechanisms involved in the development of meningitis contributes to this poor outcome. Here, we demonstrate that depletion of macrophages in newborn mice renders the(More)
Escherichia coli K1 survival in the blood is a critical step for the onset of meningitis in neonates. Therefore, the circulating bacteria are impelled to avoid host defense mechanisms by finding a niche to survive and multiply. Our recent studies have shown that E. coli K1 enters and survives in both monocytes and macrophages in the newborn rat model of(More)
Group B Streptococcus (GBS) is the leading cause of meningitis in newborn infants. Bacterial cell surface appendages, known as pili, have been recently described in streptococcal pathogens, including GBS. The pilus tip adhesin, PilA, contributes to GBS adherence to blood-brain barrier (BBB) endothelium; however, the host receptor and the contribution of(More)
Ineffectiveness of antibiotics in treating neonatal Escherichia coli K1 meningitis and the emergence of antibiotic-resistant strains evidently warrants new prevention strategies. We observed that administration of interleukin (IL)-10 during high-grade bacteremia clears antibiotic-sensitive and -resistant E. coli from blood of infected mice. Micro-CT studies(More)
Despite the fundamental function of neutrophils (polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNs)) in innate immunity, their role in Escherichia coli K1 (EC-K1) -induced meningitis is unexplored. Here we show that PMN-depleted mice are resistant to EC-K1 (RS218) meningitis. EC-K1 survives and multiplies in PMNs for which(More)
During hematogenously disseminated disease, Candida albicans infects most organs, including the brain. We discovered that a C. albicans vps51Δ/Δ mutant had significantly increased tropism for the brain in the mouse model of disseminated disease. To investigate the mechanisms of this enhanced trafficking to the brain, we studied the interactions of wild-type(More)
Enterobacter sakazakii (ES) is an emerging pathogen that causes sepsis, meningitis, and necrotizing enterocolitis in neonates. Very limited information is available regarding the pathogenesis of these diseases and the specific virulence factors of ES. Here, we demonstrate, for the first time using a newborn rat model, that outer membrane protein A (OmpA)(More)
Esherichia coli, the most common gram-negative bacteria, can penetrate the brain microvascular endothelial cells (BMECs) during the neonatal period to cause meningitis with significant morbidity and mortality. Experimental studies have shown that outer-membrane protein A (OmpA) of E. coli plays a key role in the initial steps of the invasion process by(More)