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We introduce the notion of doubly rooted plane trees and give a decomposition of these trees, called the butterfly decomposition which turns out to have many applications. From the butterfly decomposition we obtain a one-to-one correspondence between doubly rooted plane trees and free Dyck paths, which implies a simple derivation of a relation between the… (More)

We give a combinatorial interpretation of a matrix identity on Catalan numbers and the sequence (1, 4, 4 2 , 4 3 ,. . .) which has been derived by Shapiro, Woan and Getu by using Riordan arrays. By giving a bijection between weighted partial Motzkin paths with an elevation line and weighted free Motzkin paths, we find a matrix identity on the number of… (More)

A 2-binary tree is a binary rooted tree whose root is colored black and the other vertices are either black or white. We present several bijections concerning different types of 2-binary trees as well as other combinatorial structures such as ternary trees, non-crossing trees, Schröder paths, Motzkin paths and Dyck paths. We also obtain a number of… (More)

Many interesting combinatorial objects are enumerated by the k-Catalan numbers, one possible generalization of the Catalan numbers. We will present a new combinatorial object that is enumerated by the k-Catalan numbers, staircase tilings. We give a bijection between staircase tilings and k-good paths, and between k-good paths and k-ary trees. In addition,… (More)

In this paper, we consider matchings avoiding partial patterns 1123 and 1132. We give a bijection between 1123-avoiding matchings with n edges and nonnegative lattice paths from (0, 2) to (2n, 0). As a consequence, the refined enumeration of 1123-avoiding matchings can be reduced to the enumeration of certain lattice paths. Another result of this paper is a… (More)

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