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Today's data centers offer tremendous aggregate band-width to clusters of tens of thousands of machines. However, because of limited port densities in even the highest-end switches, data center topologies typically consist of multi-rooted trees with many equal-cost paths between any given pair of hosts. Existing IP multi-pathing protocols usually rely on(More)
This paper considers the requirements for a scalable, easily manageable, fault-tolerant, and efficient data center network fabric. Trends in multi-core processors, end-host virtualization, and commodities of scale are pointing to future single-site data centers with millions of virtual end points. Existing layer 2 and layer 3 network protocols face some(More)
Coibamide A (1) is a new, potent antiproliferative depsipeptide which was isolated from a marine Leptolyngbya cyanobacterium collected from the Coiba National Park, Panama. The planar structure of 1 was elucidated by a combination of NMR spectroscopy and mass spectrometry. Exhaustive 1D and 2D NMR spectroscopy included natural abundance 15N and variable(More)
A novel fluorescent assay to continuously monitor fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH) activity that is simple, sensitive, and amenable to high-throughput screening (HTS) of compound libraries is described in this article. Stable Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cell lines expressing either human FAAH or an inactive mutant, FAAH-S241A, were established. Arachidonyl(More)
Vanin-1 is a pantetheinase that catalyzes the hydrolysis of pantetheine to produce pantothenic acid (vitamin B5) and cysteamine. Reported here is a highly sensitive fluorescent assay using a novel fluorescently labeled pantothenate derivative. The assay has been used for characterization of a soluble version of human vanin-1 recombinant protein,(More)
The design, synthesis, and biological evaluation of beta-keto sulfones as 11beta-HSD1 inhibitors and the mechanism of inhibition are described here. This class of compounds is not active against 11beta-HSD2 and therefore may have therapeutic potential for metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes.
Integrity profiling of HTS hits is valuable for verification of the hit identity and purity. This provides early discovery researchers with more confident SAR theories. Methodology for integrity profiling of HTS hits must be high throughput, consume little material, and selectively provide structure-based data. Analytical techniques that can be utilized for(More)
An automated, routine method to obtain sub-ppm accurate mass data on a benchtop electrospray ionization time-of-flight (ESI-TOF) mass spectrometer is described. Standards in the mass range 114 to 734 Da were analyzed over a 5-day period to demonstrate intra- and interday precision and mean mass accuracy less than 1 ppm. One hundred drug discovery(More)
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