Nelson Carvas Junior

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BACKGROUND Equations to predict maximum heart rate (HR(max)) in heart failure (HF) patients receiving β-adrenergic blocking (BB) agents do not consider the cause of HF. We determined equations to predict HR(max) in patients with ischemic and nonischemic HF receiving BB therapy. METHODS AND RESULTS Using treadmill cardiopulmonary exercise testing, we(More)
BACKGROUND Polypharmacy is a significant economic burden. OBJECTIVE We tested whether using reverse auction (RA) as compared with commercial pharmacy (CP) to purchase medicine results in lower pharmaceutical costs for heart failure (HF) and heart transplantation (HT) outpatients. METHODS We compared the costs via RA versus CP in 808 HF and 147 HT(More)
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