Nels Anderson

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These studies have developed and tested an experimental approach to the study of membrane ionic conductance mechanisms in strips of uterine smooth muscle. The experimental and theoretical basis for applying the double sucrose-gap technique is described along with the limitations of this system. Nonpropagating membrane action potentials were produced in(More)
In this paper we extend the simulation of the voltage clamp of a single nerve fiber to a bundle of axons. These simulations included not only the description of the voltage clamp circuit and a single unidimensional cable to represent the preparation in the "node" region of a double sucrose gap used previously but also a series resistance and a shunt(More)
Squid giant axons were internally perfused with tetrodotoxin and procaine, and excitability and electrical properties were studied by means of current-clamp and sucrose-gap voltage-clamp methods. Internally perfused tetrodotoxin was virtually without effect on the resting potential, the action potential, the early transient membrane ionic current, and the(More)
Tetrodotoxin does not block the action potential or membrane sodium current when internally perfused through the giant axon of a squid at much higher concentrations than those required for blocking by external application. It is suggested that the gate for the sodium channel is located on the exterior surface of the axon, because tetrodotoxin is not lipid(More)
The blockage of nerve activity by tetrodotoxin is unusually potent and specific. Our experiments were designed to distinguish whether its specificity of action was based on the identification of ions, the direction of cation flow, or differences in the early transient and late steady conductance pathways. Alkali cations were substituted for sodium in the(More)
A delayed gamma distribution satisfactorily described the distribution of times to hatching of Ostertagia circumcincta eggs incubated in 0.1% saline at temperatures between 6 and 20 degrees C. Below 6 degree C hatching of eggs was extremely variable. The relationship between rates of development and temperature within the range 10 to 20 degrees C was more(More)
The objective of these studies was to define the roles of calcium and sodium in uterine smooth muscle excitation. The double sucrose-gap technique was used for current-clamp and voltage-clamp experiments. It was shown that neither sodium nor calcium alone is capable of supporting excitation in estrogen-dominated uterine smooth muscle. Calcium dependence was(More)
Human myometrium was obtained at the time of cesarean delivery by means of excisional biopsy from the upper margin of the uterine incision through the lower uterine segment. Isolated smooth muscle cells were obtained by collagenase treatment. With the whole-cell patch clamp technique, voltage-clamp and current-clamp experiments were performed. Regenerative(More)