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Among the X-linked genes associated with intellectual disability, Oligophrenin-1 (OPHN1) encodes for a Rho GTPase-activating protein, a key regulator of several developmental processes, such as dendrite and spine formation and synaptic activity. Inhibitory interneurons play a key role in the development and function of neuronal circuits. Whether a mutation(More)
The type of neuronal activity required for circuit development is a matter of significant debate. We addressed this issue by analyzing the topographic organization of the olfactory bulb in transgenic mice engineered to have very little afferent spontaneous activity due to the overexpression of the inwardly rectifying potassium channel Kir2.1 in the(More)
Olfaction is a highly sophisticated sensory modality able to detect and discriminate thousands of different odours, even at very low concentration. How such a challenging task is achieved remains to be fully understood. A unique feature of the olfactory system is the dual role of the odorant receptor: it does detect odours in the olfactory epithelium but it(More)
The average maximal peak torques of the knee extensor and knee flexor muscles were measured during one, two or three series of 20 maximal contractions at an angular velocity of pi rad s(-1). Each series lasted about 20 s. After the first series, a 10 min rest was allowed before the second series of contractions. In one case only was a third series of(More)
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