Nelly Frossard

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Stem cell factor (SCF), the ligand of the c-Kit receptor, is expressed by various structural and inflammatory cells in the airways. Binding of SCF to c-Kit leads to activation of multiple pathways, including phosphatidyl-inositol-3 (PI3)-kinase, phospholipase C (PLC)-gamma, Src kinase, Janus kinase (JAK)/Signal Transducers and Activators of Transcription(More)
The nerve growth factor (NGF) belongs to the neurotrophin family and induces its effects through activation of 2 distinct receptor types: the tropomyosin-related kinase A (TrkA) receptor, carrying an intrinsic tyrosine kinase activity in its intracellular domain, and the receptor p75 for neurotrophins (p75NTR), belonging to the death receptor family.(More)
Transcription of the mast cell growth factor SCF (stem cell factor) is upregulated in inflammatory conditions, and this is dependent upon NF-kappaB, as well as the MAP kinases p38 and ERK activation. We show here that the MAPK downstream nuclear kinase MSK1 induces NF-kappaB p65 Ser276 phosphorylation upon IL-1beta treatment, which was inhibited in cells(More)
Neurogenic inflammation encompasses the release of neuropeptides from airway nerves leading to inflammatory effects. This neurogenic inflammatory response of the airways can be initiated by exogenous irritants such as cigarette smoke or gases and is characterized by a bi-directional linkage between airway nerves and airway inflammation. The event of(More)
Lung inflammatory diseases, such as acute lung injury (ALI), asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and lung fibrosis, represent a major health problem worldwide. Although glucocorticoids are the most potent anti-inflammatory drug in asthma, they exhibit major side effects and have poor activity in lung inflammatory disorders such as ALI or(More)
A mast cell infiltration of the bronchial smooth muscle layer has been reported in patients sensitized to common allergens. Stem cell factor (SCF) is a chemotactic and survival factor for mast cells. SCF is expressed as a soluble (sSCF) and a membrane-bound (mSCF) form, after alternative splicing of the exon encoding the proteolytic cleavage site. SCF(More)
Nerve growth factor (NGF) has recently been suggested to contribute to inflammation and bronchial hyperresponsiveness in asthma. However, the cell types capable of NGF production in the human lung and airways, as well as the regulatory role of pro-inflammatory cytokines and of glucocorticoids on NGF secretion in pulmonary cells, have not been described.(More)
We have studied the effect of epithelium removal on the contractile responses to exogenous tachykinins and to endogenous tachykinins released by capsaicin in guinea pig trachea. We also studied the effects of inhibition of endopeptidase (by phosphoramidon, 10 microM, and thiorphan, 100 microM), and of inhibition of cyclooxygenase (by indomethacin, 5 microM)(More)
Nerve growth factor (NGF) is a high molecular weight peptide that belongs to the neurotrophin family. It is synthesized by various structural and inflammatory cells and activates two types of receptors, the TrkA (tropomyosin-receptor kinase A) receptor and the p75(NTR) receptor, in the death receptor family. NGF was first studied for its essential role in(More)
BACKGROUND Repeated inhalation of allergen at low-dose induces an increase in bronchial hyper-responsiveness, without any associated symptom. The concomitant events in the bronchus have not been described. OBJECTIVE We have studied the dynamic number of mast cells in the airways of patients with mild asthma before and after repeated inhalation of allergen(More)