Nelli Shushakova

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Complement and FcgammaR effector pathways are central triggers of immune inflammation; however, the exact mechanisms for their cooperation with effector cells and their nature remain elusive. In this study we show that in the lung Arthus reaction, the initial contact between immune complexes and alveolar macrophages (AM) results in plasma(More)
IgG Fc receptors (FcgammaRs, especially FcgammaRIII) and complement (in particular, C5a anaphylatoxin) are critical effectors of the acute inflammatory response to immune complexes (ICs). However, it is unknown whether and how these two key components can interact with each other in vivo. We use here a mouse model of the acute pulmonary IC hypersensitivity(More)
INTRODUCTION Angiopoietin-1 (Angpt1), the natural agonist ligand for the endothelial Tie2 receptor, is a non-redundant endothelial survival and vascular stabilization factor that reduces endothelial permeability and inhibits leukocyte-endothelium interactions. Here we evaluate the efficacy of a novel polyethylene glycol (PEG)-clustered Tie2 agonist peptide,(More)
Complement activation plays a key role in mediating apoptosis, inflammation, and transplant rejection. In this study, the role of the complement 5a receptor (C5aR) was examined in human renal allografts and in an allogenic mouse model of renal transplant rejection. In human kidney transplants with acute rejection, C5aR expression was increased in renal(More)
Glomerular mesangial cells (MCs) are central to the pathogenesis of progressive glomeruli-associated renal diseases. However, molecular mechanisms underlying changes in MC functions still remain poorly understood. Here, we show that in MCs, the urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) induces, via its specific receptor (uPAR, CD87), upregulated expression(More)
This study explored the tissue-protective properties of the continuous erythropoietin receptor activator (CERA) in an experimental model of (nonischemic) diabetic kidney injury (i.e., the db/db mouse). Mice were randomly treated with placebo (n = 25), low-dosage CERA (n = 25), and high-dosage CERA (n = 25). Also studied were 25 nondiabetic db/m mice.(More)
Immune complex (IC) deposition induces an acute inflammatory response with tissue injury. IC-induced inflammation is mediated by inflammatory cell infiltration, a process highly regulated by the cell surface-specific receptor (uPAR), a binding partner for the urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA). We assessed the role of the uPA/uPAR system in(More)
AIMS Multipotent mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have regenerative properties and are recognized as putative players in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular diseases. The underlying molecular mechanisms remain, however, sparsely explored. Our study was designed to elucidate a probable role for the multifunctional urokinase (uPA)/urokinase receptor (uPAR) system(More)
BACKGROUND Microalbuminuria is an early lesion during the development of diabetic nephropathy. The loss of high molecular weight proteins in the urine is usually associated with decreased expression of slit diaphragm proteins. Nephrin, is the major component of the glomerular slit diaphragm and loss of nephrin has been well described in rodent models of(More)
Central mechanisms leading to ischemia induced allograft rejection are apoptosis and inflammation, processes highly regulated by the urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) and its specific receptor (uPAR). Recently, up-regulation of uPA and uPAR has been shown to correlate with allograft rejection in human biopsies. However, the causal connection of(More)