Nele Berghmans

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One of the most important functions of chemokines and their receptors is the regulation of directional migration of leukocytes within tissues. In specific tissue compartments, cells are exposed to multiple chemokines presented in complex dimensional and temporal patterns. Therefore, a leukocyte requires the mechanisms to integrate the various directional(More)
The need for test systems for nanoparticle biocompatibility, toxicity, and inflammatory or adaptive immunological responses is paramount. Nanoparticles should be free of microbiological and chemical contaminants, and devoid of toxicity. Nevertheless, in the absence of contamination, these particles may still induce undesired immunological effects in vivo,(More)
Ovarian cancer is the most lethal gynaecological cancer and is often diagnosed in late stage, often as the result of the unavailability of sufficiently sensitive biomarkers for early detection, tumour progression and tumour-associated inflammation. Glycosylation is the most common posttranslational modification of proteins; it is altered in cancer and(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to determine levels of the cytokines IL-1β, IL-6, IL-21, IL-22, and IL-23 and the chemokines CXCL13, CCL19, CCL20, and CCL21 in aqueous humor (AH) samples from patients with specific uveitic entities. METHODS Paired serum samples (n = 13) and AH samples (n = 111) from patients with active idiopathic granulomatous(More)
Insight into molecular and cellular mechanisms of innate immunity is critical to understand viral pathogenesis and immunopathology and might be exploited for therapy. Whereas the molecular mechanisms of the IFN defense are well established, cellular mechanisms of antiviral immunity are only emerging, and their pharmacological triggering remains unknown.(More)
Chlorite-oxidized oxyamylose (COAM), a glycosaminoglycan mimetic and potent antiviral agent, provided significant growth reduction of syngeneic murine B16-F1 melanoma tumors. A single early dose (100 μg, into the site of tumor cell inoculation) was sufficient to establish a persistent effect over 17 days (resected tumor volume of 78.3 mm(3) in COAM-treated(More)
Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is a life-threatening immunological disorder that is characterized by systemic inflammation, widespread organ damage, and hypercytokinemia. Primary HLH is caused by mutations in granule-mediated cytotoxicity, whereas secondary HLH occurs, without a known genetic background, in a context of infections, malignancies,(More)
The chemokine granulocyte chemotactic protein (GCP)-2/CXCL6 promotes tumor growth as angiogenesis inducer and neutrophil chemoattractant. The neutralizing capacity and specificity of monoclonal mouse anti-murine (mu)GCP-2/CXCL6 antibodies were evidenced by granulocyte chemotaxis and signaling assays. The half-life of the non-antigenic antibody in the blood(More)
Th17 cells are suggested to be pathogenic in mediating experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), but their relation to interferon (IFN)-γ-producing Th1 cells in vivo is not well understood. We studied the numbers and functions of Th17 cells in CREAE in Biozzi ABH mice, both in peripheral lymphoid organs and in the central nervous system. Th1 and Th17(More)
Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) represents the fourth leading cause of cancer-related death in western countries. The patients are often diagnosed in advanced metastatic stages, and the prognosis remains extremely poor with an overall 5-year survival rate less than 5 %. Currently, novel therapeutic strategies are being pursued to combat PDAC,(More)