Nelder Figueiredo Gontijo

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Mass sequencing of cDNA libraries from salivary glands of triatomines has resulted in the identification of many novel genes of unknown function. The aim of the present work was to develop a functional RNA interference (RNAi) technique for Rhodnius prolixus, which could be widely used for functional genomics studies in triatomine bugs. To this end, we(More)
During metacyclogenesis of Leishmania in its sand fly vector, the parasite differentiates from a noninfective, procyclic form to an infective, metacyclic form, a process characterized by morphological changes of the parasite and also biochemical transformations in its major surface lipophosphoglycan (LPG). This glycoconjugate is polymorphic among species(More)
Screening for digestive glycosidases in different parts of the gut and associated organs of Lutzomyia longipalpis is reported. Searches for the enzymes were made in blood-fed and non-blood-fed females and the enzymes were characterized as soluble or membrane-bound molecules. A total of four different activities were detected, corresponding to the following(More)
A vaccine against canine visceral leishmaniasis (CVL), comprising Leishmania braziliensis promastigote protein, sand fly gland extract (SGE) and saponin adjuvant, was evaluated in dog model, in order to analyse the immunogenicity of the candidate vaccine. The vaccine candidate elicited strong antigenicity in dogs in respect of specific SGE and Leishmania(More)
The saliva of haematophagous insects has a series of pharmacological activities which may favour blood feeding. In the present study, an inhibitory effect on the complement system was observed in salivary extracts obtained from the phlebotomine sand flies Lutzomyia longipalpis and Lu. migonei. Saliva from Lu. longipalpis was capable of inhibiting both the(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate the insecticide susceptibility of two geographically separated Lutzomyia longipalpis populations (Lapinha and Montes Claros) with different histories of insecticide exposure (i.e. no exposure and repeated exposure, respectively). METHODS (i) Bioassay monitoring of sand fly survival over time when exposed to a range of(More)
Feeding behaviour of Triatoma infestans, T. brasiliensis and T. pseudomaculata on pigeons and mice was compared by electronic monitoring of the cibarial pump. The methodology developed permits the study detailed of triatomine feeding behaviour using an artificial feeder as well as on live hosts. T. infestans was the species that fed most rapidly on the two(More)
To assist haematophagy, Rhodnius prolixus produces several bioactive molecules in its saliva which it injects into the host skin. The most abundant of these molecules are the nitrophorins (NPs). In this work, we reduced the expression of NP1-4 in the saliva of R. prolixus by RNAi and evaluated the subsequent feeding performance of the bugs using the(More)
The sandfly Lutzomyia longipalpis (Lutz and Neiva, 1912) is the main vector of American Visceral Leishmaniasis. In spite of its medical importance and several studies concerning adult digestive physiology, biochemistry and molecular biology, very few studies have been carried out to elucidate the digestion in sandfly larvae. Even the breeding sites and food(More)
Nutrient digestion and absorption after blood feeding are important events for Lutzomyia longipalpis, which uses these nutrients to produce eggs. In this context, the pH inside the digestive tract is an important physiological feature as it can markedly influence the digestive process as well as interfere with Leishmania development in infected(More)