Nelda Lila Olivera

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A non-sterile biosurfactant preparation (surfactin)was obtained from a 24-h culture of Bacillussubtilis O9 grown on sucrose and used to study itseffect on the biodegradation of hydrocarbon wastes byan indigenous microbial community at theErlenmeyer-flask scale. Crude biosurfactant was addedto the cultures to obtain concentrations above andbelow the critical(More)
Shipping operations produce oily wastes that must be managed properly to avoid environmental pollution. The aim of this study was to characterize microorganisms occurring in ship bilge wastes placed in open lagoons and, particularly, to assess their potential to degrade polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). A first-order kinetic was suitable for(More)
Environmental microorganisms constitute an almost inexhaustible reserve of genetic and functional diversity, accumulated during millions of years of adaptive evolution to various selective pressures. In particular, the extent of microbial biodiversity in marine habitats seems to grow larger as new techniques emerge to measure it. This has resulted in novel(More)
A Gram-positive, rod-shaped, spore-forming bacterium (PAT 05T) was isolated from the rhizosphere of the perennial shrub Atriplex lampa in north-eastern Patagonia, Argentina. Its overall biochemical and physiological characteristics indicated that this strain should be placed in the alkaliphilic Bacillus group. Strain PAT 05T grew at pH 7-10 (optimum pH 8),(More)
An indigenous bacterium (strain 602) isolated in this study from a polluted soil sample collected in Patagonia (Argentina) was investigated in relation to its metabolic responses under unbalanced growth conditions. This strain was identified as Rhodococcus sp. by molecular analyses. Strain 602 showed the ability to degrade a wide range of compounds and to(More)
Biosurfactant-producing bacteria belonging to the genera Alcanivorax, Cobetia and Halomonas were isolated from marine sediments with a history of hydrocarbon exposure (Aristizábal and Gravina Peninsulas, Argentina). Two Alcanivorax isolates were found to form naturally occurring consortia with strains closely related to Pseudomonas putida and Microbacterium(More)
Protease-producing bacteria isolated from sub-Antarctic marine sediments of Isla de Los Estados (Argentina) were characterized, and the thermal inactivation kinetics of their extracellular proteases compared. Isolates were affiliated with the genera Pseudoalteromonas, Shewanella, Colwellia, Planococcus, and a strain to the family Flavobacteriaceae.(More)
After enrichment of Odontesthes platensis intestinal contents, 53 lactic acid bacteria (LAB) were isolated. From the four isolates that showed inhibitory activity against Lactococcus garvieae 03/8460, strain TW34 was selected because it exerted the strongest inhibition. It also inhibited other Gram-positive bacteria, but not Gram-negative fish pathogens.(More)
The use of Bacillus subtilis O9 biosurfactant (surfactin) and of bioaugmentation to improve the treatment of residual hydrocarbons from ship bilge wastes was studied. A biodegradation experiment was conducted in aquaria placed outdoors under non-aseptic conditions. Three treatments were examined: culture medium plus bilge wastes, bioaugmentation with(More)
Oily residues that are generated in normal ship operation are considered hazardous wastes. A biodegradation assay with autochthonous microbiota of Bilge Waste Oily Phase (BWOP) was performed in a bioreactor under controlled conditions. Petroleum, diesel oil, and PAH degraders were isolated from bilge wastes. These bacteria belong to the genus Pseudomonas(More)